Here are some interesting Israel facts which were chosen and researched by kids especially for kids.
Where is Israel? Israel is a small country in Western Asia, more exactly in a region usually referred to as the Middle East.
Israel borders the eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea and is located between Lebanon in the North and Egypt in the South.
Israel borders four countries, Lebanon, Jordan, Syria and Egypt as well as the two territories West-Bank and Gaza-Strip.
The capital city of Israel is Jerusalem, but this capital is not recognised by all countries. The largest metropolitan area is Tel Aviv, where about 4 million people live and many embassies of foreign countries are located.
Israel is slightly larger in area than the state of New Jersey/ USA or slightly smaller than Belize or slightly larger than Slovenia.
Flying from London/ UK to Tel Aviv takes around 5 hours and from New York/ USA about 10.5 hours.
The economy in Israel is mainly driven by high-technology equipment and information technology support. Cut diamonds and pharmaceuticals are also main export products.
Israel also exports natural gas to Egypt and Jordan. Agricultural products include milk, poultry as well as fruits and vegetables such as tomatoes, peppers, avocados, oranges and pomegranates.
The USA, China, the UK and Germany are the country's main export and import partners.
Israel is a largely immigrant society. Although the region was inhabited already about 5,500 years ago, the country was founded only in 1948. Most of the people who now settle in Israel only moved to the region after World War II. The population doubled between 1948 and 1951 due to the influx of Jews moving there from all over the world. A Jew is a person who practices Judaism, the religion of the Jewish people.
Most Israeli live in urban centres and around Tel Aviv as well as the Sea of Galilee. Tel Aviv, Haifa and Jerusalem are the largest cities.
The majority of people living in Israel belong to the Jewish people. Of these Jews today, more than 7 out of 10 Jews (78%) have been born in the country. However, a larger minority of 21% of the people living in Israel belong to the Arab population and are Palestinians.
The Jewish year begins with the holiday of Rosh Hashanah in October. 2023-2024 thus is the Jewish year 5784 according to the Jewish calendar.
People in Israel mainly speak Hebrew and Arabic. English is the most common foreign language and in schools English is taught to kids from an early age.
The girl in first grade writes a welcome to her class at the beginning of the year.
"Shalom" means peace or "hello" and is written in Hebrew alphabet: שלום
The Hebrew alphabet has 22 letters, from alef to tav. Hebrew script is written from right to left and is a block or square script.
Until 2018, Hebrew and Arabic, both were official languages. Today, Arabic only has "special language status" and the only official language is Hebrew. Hebrew is taught in all schools, whereas Arabic is mainly spoken now by the Arab population. The Arabic and Hebrew script are similar in that they both stem from the Aramaic language family.
Tomatoes, peppers, peppers, grapefruits and avocados are the main agricultural products grown in Israel and thus are included in many dishes.
Here are some typical foods and dishes from Israel:
Many Israel restrict their diet to kosher food which means that special diet rules are followed. Kosher means "pure" or "proper". Among the rules is that milk and meat are not mixed together.
Kosher meats are considered meats that are from cloven-hooved animals such as goats, cows, deer or sheep. Fish and meat are also never eaten together, but can be eaten in separate courses of a meal.
Israel is located in different climatic regions that range from deserts and mountains, so lots of different animals live there.
Among the usual wildlife in Israel there are 116 species of mammals, 511 species of birds and 97 species of reptiles.
Camels, antelopes, gazelles, warthogs and wolves live in Israel. Among the rare animals are the Arabian leopards.
The Nubian ibex is the smallest ibex species on our planet and threatened wildlife species.
Males only grow up to 65–75 cm/ 2.5 ft tall at the shoulder. Their long, thin horns grow up to 1 m/ 3 ft in length.
The Nubian ibex are herbivores and live on cliffs and in rough mountainous and rocky land to evade predators such as eagles and leopards.
Resources for Israel Facts: