Here are some interesting China Facts which were chosen and researched by kids especially for kids.
China is located in the eastern parts of Asia and is the largest country that is entirely situated in Asia. China is the fourth largest country in the world after Russia, Canada and the USA.
China borders 14 countries. The countries bordering China are: Russia, Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Bhutan, Nepal, Myanmar (formerly called Burma), Laos, Vietnam and North Korea (you will find them on the map below).
China has 23 provinces, as China considers Taiwan to be the 23rd province and should thus be marked as yellow in the image!
China is the most populous country in the world as it is home to almost one fifth of the world population. Did you know, that China is slightly smaller in size than the USA? Although China is so large, there is only one timezone! Most people in China live in the eastern parts of the country, the western parts are only sparsely populated.
The Pacific Ocean forms the natural border in the east and southeast and southwest of the country. In the west, there are the Himalayas Mountains, which is the highest mountain range in the world. Most of the western parts of the country lie on the Tibetan mountainous plateau and in fact, mountains make up the majority of the landscape, dominating over 70% of the landmass. In the north, there is the vast Gobi Desert.
Deserts are making up about 20% of the country.
The huge country has many different climate zones ranging from tropic zones to arctic zones.
The highest mountain on the border with China is the Mount Everest, the world's highest mountains, with 8,848 metres (29,000ft). The longest river in China is the Yangtze River with over 6,300km (3,914miles) in length.
China will soon have the world's longest bridge. In July 2018 the Hongkong to Zhuhai-Macao bridge will be opened to traffic. It will also have the world's longest underwater tunnel!
Almost one in five people on our earth live in China, while the country is smaller than the USA. The Chinese government lifted the one-child policy in 2016, now Chinese parents are allowed to have two children.
Many Chinese live in the megacities (cities with more than 5 million inhabitants) of the country, in rural areas the living standard is still very poor and many people live there live in huts or along the rivers in stilt houses.
The Chinese love music and opera plays, although the voices of the Chinese opera singers may sound strange to our ears.
Chinese New Year, also called the Lunar New Year, is the biggest celebration on the Chinese calendar. The Chinese calendar start at the end of January/early February each year and every year another animal sign symbolises the strength and the weaknesses. There are 12 zodiac/animal signs and thus every 12 years the animals signs start over again. 2018 is the year of the dog.
Children look very much forward to the Chinese New Year celebrations which are two weeks long celebrations over the new year when they get gifts, often money wrapped in red envelopes or red packets, from family and friends. Popular 'Lion Dances' also take place during this time. The dragon is the most celebrated symbol of prosperity and strength.
Although Mandarin Chinese is the official language, in many regions other languages are spoken such as Cantonese, Shanghainese, Hainanese or Mongolian.
The Chinese writing is done from top to bottom in little symbols or signs, called 'characters' of which an adult usually knows about 8,000 different characters. With 13 years most Chinese children can read and write 3,000 characters.
Some Chinese words good to know:
Ni hao! means Hello!
Xie Xie means Thank You
Gong Xi Fa Cai! means Happy Chinese New Year!
The traditional diet in China contains low amounts of protein such as meats or dairy products. Many Chinese dishes are vegetable and soya based. Chinese often eat/drink soup for breakfast and rice based dishes are eaten throughout the day.
Soy, vegetable and rice products are the most common ingrediences in Chinese dishes. Chinese mainly eat with chopsticks and drink their soups instead of eating them with a spoon as we do. Here is some typical Chinese food:
There are many endangered animal species living in China. Among them are the Giant Panda, the South Chinese Tiger and the Chinese Alligator.
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And enjoy learning more great China Facts soon:-)
Picture credits in main text: own or shutterstock.com