Brazil Facts

Interesting Facts for Kids

Rio de Janeiro in Brazil

Here are some interesting Brazil Facts which were chosen and researched by kids especially for kids.

  • Population: 209 million people live in Brazil (2017)
  • Capital: Brasilia, with 2.9 million inhabitants is the country's fourth largest city. The largest city in Brazil is Sao Paolo with 12.4 million inhabitants. 
  • Name: Republica Federativa do Brasil, Federative Republic of Brazil
  • Government: Democracy, Republic
  • Language: Portuguese
  • Literacy: More than 91% of the people can read and write.
  • Religion: mainly Christians (Roman Catholics 65%, Protestants 22%)
  • Currency: 1 Real=100 centavos
  • History: The country was inhabited by mainly semi-nomadic tribes before the arrival of the colonialists. The land was claimed by Portuguese and settlers founded the colony in 1532. by the 17th centre sugar cane was the main export and the slave trade brought many African slaves to the country. The Brazilian gold rush attracted many fortune seekers to the country. Brazil declared independence from Portugal in 1822, this was officially recognised by the Portuguese only three years later! Brazil was ruled by various Brazilian Emperors until in 1889 it was finally declared a republic. Brazil's president is Michel Temer since August 2016.

Brazil Facts: Geography
Where is Brazil?

Brazil lies in South America, a flight from London/UK takes roughly 11.5 hours and from New York/USA a flight takes 9.5 hours. 

Below see a map of Brazil with the neighbouring countries and you will find Brazil's capital city: Brasilia, just at the lower end of the map. Simply click on the + or - to zoom in or zoom out to see more cities, as this country is huge!

The Latin American country shares borders with all South American countries except Chile and Ecuador. The longest of the borders is shared with Bolivia and is 3,400 km/2,113 miles long.

Brazil Geo Superlatives

  • Brazil is the world's fifth largest country and covers three time zones. The country has almost 7,500km of coastline and thus many great beaches. 
  • The most famous landmark of Brazil is located in Rio de Janeiro. The Christ the Redeemer statue overlooks the city.
  • About 60% of the world's rainforest is located in Brazil.
  • In Brazil, you will also find the world's second longest river, the Amazon. There are many other big rivers in Brazil, such as the Parana, the Negro River. The northern and western parts of Brazil are largely dominated by the Amazon Basin. In the South, you will find the Brazilian Highlands.
  • However, the highest lying area of Brazil is in the North and called the Guiana highlands. 
  • Brazil's highest mountain is the 'Pico de Neblina' and is 2994m/9822ft. high.
  • The climate in Brazil is mostly tropical with a temperate climate in the Southern parts of the country.

Brazil Facts: Animals in Brazil


Brazil is home to some fascinating mammals, such as armadillos, tapirs, jaguars and pumas.

The Amazon is home to many fish species, also the piranha. Also the colourful toucans are live in Brazil.

Brazil Attractions for Kids

  • Rio de Janeiro: Copacabana and Ipanema are great for beach holidays
Ipanema Beach in Rio de Janeiro
  • Iguazu Falls: amazing waterfalls can be admired at the Brasilian border with Argentina
  • Capivara National Park with its ancient rock paintings
  • Recife, also nicknamed 'Venice of Brazil' because of its many bridges and waterways.
  • Amazon Rainforest: Manaus is also the most important city when starting a trip to the Amazon rainforest
  • Pantanal National park: also called the 'Brazilian Garden of Eden'
  • Carneval do Brasil: many cities are worth a visit during Carnival time in Brazil, such as in Salvador or in Rio de Janeiro
Carnival in Rio

Sport in Brazil

Soccer in Brazil

Kids playing soccer on the beach in Brazil

Brazil has a strong world cup team. In the Soccer Worldcup 2018 in Russia, Brazil will play in Group E and play matches against Switzerland, Costa Rica and Serbia.

In 2018, Brazil is again one of the top teams. It ranks at first position, before Germany, pre-worldcup. Brazil already won the worldcup five times in 1958, 1962, 1970, 1994 and 2002 and the country participated in all the tournament since it began.

Brazil hosted the soccer world cup in 2014 when Germany won their fourth soccer world cup trophy in the tournament.

Brazilian soccer player Neymar

Among Brazil's most popular players is Brazilian soccer star Neymar who you can see in the image above. Do you know that Sao Paolo has a soccer museum? Make sure to visit when you are there. 

Summer Olympics 2016

The last Summer Olympic Games took place in Brazil from 5 - 21 August 2016. The XXXVI (16th) Olympiad in Rio was the first Olympic Games on the South American continent! Over ten thousand athletes from 206 countries took part in these summer sports games. During the 17 days of sports excellence there were 306 medal events! 

BMX is one of the sports events at the Olympics!

Read more about the Rio Olympics here.

More Brazil Facts: Brazil People

Brazil is the country with the fifth largest population in the world, after China, India, the USA and Indonesia. Brazil is the only Portuguese-speaking country in South America, where Spanish is the home language of the majority of the people.

Most Brazilians live near in the main cities or near the coast. The northern parts of the country are the least populated area in Brazil. Among the Brazilian people are more than 800,000 indigenous people, some of them Amerindians. Read more on the Brazil people here.

Playing the pan flute

Brazil Facts: Typical Food

Brazilians love their fresh fruits and vegetables such as okra, coconuts corn and beans. Many traditional dishes contain beans, rice or manioc flour. The most favourite dish in Brazil is probably the feijoada, a bean stew made with pork and rice.

Typical Brazilian food and drinks:

  • Pão de Queijo: delicious cheese bread
  • Guarana: drink made with small red berries
  • Feijoada, a bean stew made with pork and rice.
  • Coxinha de Galinha - Brazilian breaded and deep fried snack filled with shredded chicken. Usually served with a chili dip, see below:
coxinha de galinha by Paul Brighton at ShutterstockCoxinha de Galinha

Images on Brazil facts page: and own images, BMX image from

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