Here are some interesting Paraguay Facts which were chosen and researched by kids especially for kids.
Where is Paraguay? Paraguay is a landlocked country on the South American continent bordering the North Atlantic Ocean. The country borders Bolivia, Brazil and Argentina.
Below you see a map of Paraguay with the three neighbouring countries Argentina - to the West, Bolivia - to the North and Brazil - in the East and South.
The capital city is called Asunción and was founded in 1537. The city is named after Saint Mary of the Assumption, as the city was founded in August, when the Catholics celebrate Assumption Day.
Paraguay is slightly smaller in size than the state of California/ USA or Sweden or slightly larger than Zimbabwe.
The Tropic of Capricorn crosses the northern parts of Paraguay.
The Iguazu and the Paraná river converge at the Triple Frontier which is the border of the three countries Paraguay, Brazil and Argentina.
The Gran Chaco is a hot semi-arid lowland plain that covers more than half of the country.
The dry Gran Chaco houses South America's largest forest - after the Amazon rainforest. Two thirds of the Gran Chaco, however, are located in neighbouring country Argentina.
The climate of Paraguay is semitropical.
Here are some fascinating facts about Paraguay:
The vast majority of the Paraguayan people live in the eastern regions of the country and around the capital city Asuncion.
About 60% of all people in Paraguay live in cities.
The biggest group in Paraguay are the Mestizo, a mix of European and American Indian ancestry.
Brazilians are the largest group of immigrants in Paraguay. These immigrants mainly work in agriculture.
The official languages are Spanish and Guaraní, an indigenous language. About 90% of all Paraguayans speak Guaraní and about half of all people speak Spanish as well.
Lacework called ñandutí is a typical Paraguayan craft.
Almost all Paraguayans are Christians (90%). Roman catholicism is practised by the majority of Paraguay's Christians.
Soccer, tennis and basketball are the most popular sports in Paraguay.
Paraguay is one of the biggest exporters of energy in the world and one of the largest exporters of hydroelectric energy.
Itaipú dam which is located on the border to Brazil is one of the largest dam projects in the world.
Paraguay uses much less of the hydroelectric energy produced than it produces, thus the country sells most of its power to neighbouring countries especially Brazil.
Soy beans and soy bean products as well as wheat, corn and sugar are the main agricultural products. Paraguay is amongst the world’s largest soy bean producers.
Paraguay's most important trading partners are Brazil, the USA, Argentina, Chile and China.
The Paraguayan cuisine is heavily influenced by the various cooking styles of the Guaraní people, Amerindians and European colonists. The typical dishes in Paraguay contain cassava, corn, vegetables as well as meats and fish.
Typical Paraguayan food and drinks include:
Empanadas and tortillas, though smaller in Paraguay than those from Mexico, are also staple dishes as in other Latin American countries.
The national animal of Paraguay is the Pampas fox or Pampas zorro.
The Pampas fox, also called Azara's fox is a slender built fox with pointy ears and a long snout. The species lives in western Paraguay and also in neighbouring countries Argentina, Bolivia and some parts of Brazil. The omnivore lives in the Pampa mainly in rock caves or even in other animals' 'stolen' burrows. The main enemies are the puma - and humans.
Other fascinating wildlife are armadillos, tapirs, jaguars and anteaters.
Among the birds, the macaws and parrots are the most colourful. The tarantula spider is common in Paraguay too.
Images on Paraguay facts page: Schoolgirls by Natalia Gornyakova/shutterstock.com; various (Georgetown Aerial, Demerara Bridge, Fields, FortZeelandia) by Victor1153/shutterstock.com and own images
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