Here are some interesting Nepal facts which were chosen and researched by kids especially for kids.
Nepal is located on the Asian continent.
The South Asian country is landlocked and borders two countries: China to the North and India to the East, South and West. The longer border is between Nepal and India.
Nepal is the largest country in the Himalayas and about the size of the state of New York/USA, about half the size of Ecuador in South America and quite a bit bigger than the three European countries Austria, Liechtenstein and Switzerland combined.
In Asia however, the country is quite small compared to other countries as it measures just about 800 km/ 500 miles from east to west. From North to South the smallest distance only measures about 150 km/ 93 miles.
The name of the country originates from Hindu story that referred to a wise man called Ne and the region in the Himalayas that was protected by Ne was then called Nepal.
Nepal enjoys mainly a temperate climate. The landscape is dominated by the Himalayan mountains in the north, alpine pastures, fertile valleys and temperate forests in the middle hill region and the Tarai plains in the south.
To reach Nepal it takes a 13-hours flight to Kathmandu from London/UK or a 2-hours flight from Delhi/India. The shortest flights from the USA go via Dubai, Doha or Abu Dhabi and still take at least 21 hours!
Nepal is one of the poorest and least developed countries in the world. Many people live in poor conditions and especially young people try to find better life in other countries. About 1 in 4 Nepali live below the poverty line.
The country in the Himalayas frequently experiences earthquakes. The latest major earthquakes in 2022 and 2015 destroyed many old temples, buildings and monuments and killed many people in the respective districts.
The economy in Nepal is mainly driven by agriculture, the textile industry and tourism. Rice is grown in Nepal in the fertile valleys.
India, China and the USA are the main trading partners.
Nepal is known as third biggest producer of ginger after India and China.
In Nepal most energy is produced by hydroelectric plants and Nepal is also called the 'Water Tower of South Asia' due to its snowcapped mountain peaks, glaciers and rivers originating in the Himalayas.
There are more than 100 different ethnic groups and over 90 languages are spoken in Nepal.
The Nepali are known as very welcoming people who are friendly and open towards visitors.
Religion plays an important part in the life of most Nepalis. The vast majority of the Nepali people are Hindus (80%) or Buddhists (over 15%). Nepal is the only country in the world where Hinduism was the official religion (until 2006).
The 'Namaste' gesture is the common greeting and handshakes are rarely given. For the Nepali greeting put your palms together and bow your head saying "Namaste". 'Namaste' means ‘Salute to the God in you’.
Nepali ethnic people living in the Kathmandu valley are called Newars. Originally farmers and traders, they celebrate unique traditional and festivals.
The Sherpa people live mainly in the eastern and mountainous regions of Nepal. They are known for their excellent climbing skills and often work in the trekking and mountaineering industries.
New Year's Day is celebrated in Nepal according to the Nepali Calendar in April. The Nepali calendar is called Bikram Sambat and New Year's Day 'Nava Varsha' is an official holiday.
In 2023, the Nepali New Year's Day was celebrated on 14 April. The Nepali count differently and this is the Nepali year of 2079! The Nepali calendar is 56.7 years ahead of our Gregorian calendar.
The official language Nepali is spoken by about half the population, while is Maithili is spoken by many and learned as the second language. Nepali is spoken as mother language by almost half of all Nepali people. English is taught and spoken by many people as a foreign language.
The different ethnic groups also have their own languages, among them are Maithili, Bhojpuri and Tharu which are the other most spoken mother tongues. There are at least 120 languages spoken in Nepal as mother tongue!
Nepali is written in the Devanagari script.
Devanagari is also used to write the Hindi and mainly used in the Indian subcontinent. Devanagari is written left to right and has 47 main characters.
Nepali food uses similar spices as the Indian cuisine such as cumin and coriander but is less spicy than Indian food. and some ingredients that are also used in Chinese cuisine such as bamboo shoots.
Many Nepali dishes are vegetarian and do not use meat. Meat dishes are made with chicken, pork, mutton and water buffalo as cows are not slaughtered as they are considered sacred animals in Nepal.
Potatoes (aloo), roti (flatbreads) and dhedo (stiff boiled flour porridge) are common staple foods in Nepal. Another Nepali staple food is rice which is eaten with every meal.
Here are some typical Nepali dishes and traditional Nepali food:
Nepalis tend to eat two main meals, the morning meal at around seven o’clock and another meal in the evening meal around seven or eight o’clock.
Cows are considered sacred in Nepal. They can be seen wandering in the streets everywhere. It is illegal to slaughter cows in Nepal.
The spotted deer and Himalayan tahr can often be seen in the wild.
There are 26 protected mammal species in Nepal. Snow leopard, red panda and bengal tiger are among the endangered animals.
Yaks are commonly used for transporting goods in the Himalayas.
Nepal has the only national flag in the world that is not rectangular or square!
Source for Nepal Facts page:
Image Credits on Nepal Facts: shutterstock.com and wikicommons, if not otherwise stated.
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