Here are some interesting Lesotho facts which were chosen and researched by kids especially for kids.
Lesotho is a small mountainous country located on the African continent. Lesotho is a landlocked country and an enclave of South Africa. This means Lesotho is completely enclosed and surrounded by South Africa.
Lesotho is roughly the size of Belgium or slightly smaller than Massachusetts in the USA.
There is a small international airport in the capital city Maseru. Only smaller planes can land and depart from the country. The closest international airport is in Johannesburg in South Africa, a 55-minute-flight from Maseru.
Read our South Africa facts for kids here.
The economy in Lesotho is mainly driven by manufacturing, agriculture and tourism.
The main agricultural produce in Lesotho include corn, wheat, pulses and sorghum.
Katse dam is the main energy supplier in Lesotho. The country is one of the few in the world that produces and uses only renewable energy in the form of hydroelectric power. However, the majority (70%) of the people in Lesotho live without electricity.
Most of Lesotho's hydroelectric energy and the water from the reservoir are transferred to neighbouring South Africa.
In many Basotho families, the main breadwinners either work on their own farms, in the textile industry, or in the government, which is the biggest employer in the country.
Many locals also have at least one family member who lives in South Africa, where they mainly work on farms or in the mines. These family members send remittances (money) back home to support the family in Lesotho.
Main exports include clothing, footwear, wool, food, electricity, water and diamonds. The biggest export partners are South Africa (57%) and the USA.
The people in Lesotho are called Basotho. More than half of the population is very poor, with many still living in thatched roof huts made from bricks and mud. These huts are called rondavels.
In the towns and cities, these rondavels have been replaced by modern houses and multi-storey buildings as you can see here in the capital city Maseru. The name 'Maseru' in the Basotho language means: 'the place of the red sand stone'.
The vast majority of the population in Lesotho still live in poverty. Also about 75% of the population lives in rural areas.
The traditional clothing of the Basotho people is a blanket! A beautiful patterned woollen garment which all Basotho people wear proudly!
Lesotho has the second highest HIV rate in the world. This means that 1 in four people are infected by AIDS and thus the life expectancy of the Basotho people is very low.
The life expectancy stands at 59 years. The health system is very limited with only seven doctors for 100,000 people in Lesotho.
However, education has improved significantly in the last decade. Most adults in the country can now read and write as seen by the literacy rate of 80%.
Sesotho and English are the official languages in Lesotho, but some people also speak Xhosa or Zulu.
Here four easy words to remember:
Corn, wheat, sorghum and root vegetables are the main agricultural products in the Lesotho.
Basotho main dishes thus may contain: corn/maize, wheat and vegetables and sometimes also meats such as lamb and goat, beef and chicken.
Here are some typical Basotho food and dishes:
Lesotho has a varied wildlife and an alpine flora. The mountain kingdom is home to many alpine animals and plants. The blue bustard, Cape vulture and white-tailed mouse are on the endangered animals list.
Angora goats and merino sheep are kept for their wool. They can be found throughout the country.
A diamond mine in Lesotho, called Letšeng mine, is known for its large top-quality diamonds.
These diamonds are said to be the most valuable diamonds in the world. Letšeng is the highest diamond mine in the world, located at 3,100 m/ 10,170 ft above sea level.
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Image Credits on Lesotho Facts: shutterstock.com and wikicommons, if not otherwise stated.
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