Here are some interesting Tunisia facts which were chosen and researched by kids especially for kids.
Carthage was founded about 480 BC. The Romans defeated Carthage in 146 BC and ruled in the area over 800 years. Arabs conquered the region in about 600 AD before the Ottoman came to rule and from 900 AD Berbers settled in the region. Tunisia was colonised by France in 1881 and became a French protectorate in 1883. The monarchy was abolished in 1956 and independence was declared. Mass protests occurred in 2011 and start the Arab Spring. In 2014, Tunisians for the first time gained the right to vote.
Tunisia is located on the African continent. The North African country borders Algeria, Libya and the Mediterranean Sea. Tunisia belongs to the Maghreb states - together with Algeria, Morocco and Libya. Of these it is the smallest country.
On the map you can also see Tunisia's neighbouring countries Algeria and Libya and the location of the country's capital city Tunis.
A flight to Tunis takes about 4-hours flight from the UK and it takes about 16-hours to fly from New York/USA.
The coastal regions is fertile and has a mild Mediterranean climate. The Atlas mountains in the northern parts of the country lead to the dry central plains, where water is scarce. Tunisia's interior is arid and only very rarely seasonal streams occur in the dry Sahara desert.
Tunisia is known for ancient ruins of Carthage, the beaches along the Mediterranean coastline, the resorts on the island of Djerba as well as desert safaris that can be undertaken in the country's interior.
Other popular family travel destinations are:
The economy in Tunisia is mainly driven by agriculture, tourism and textiles industries. Mining of phosphates and iron ore and zinc as well as petroleum also play an important role in the country's economy.
About two thirds of the country are used for agriculture, however, less than one third of the population work in this sector. Date plantations in the southern parts of the country as well as olive plantations in the coastal regions are important for the agricultural sector.
The main agricultural products are olives, citrus fruits, grains, grapes, melons and figs.
Pottery products are popular and are sold at most markets.
The biggest trading countries that trade with Tunisia are Italy, France, Germany and China. The European Union is with almost 80% the biggest trading partner.
Among the major cities in Tunisia are Tunis, Sfax, Kairouan and Sousse.
About 70% of all Tunisians live in urban areas, such as the capital city or the cities and towns along the Mediterranean coast.
Thus most of the people live in the northern parts of the country while the southern parts of Tunisia are very sparsely populated.
The unemployment rate is high among the young population and stands at about 35% for all Tunisians aged 15 - 24 years. About 81% of the people can read and write, mainly older people are illiterate.
Tunisia spends a lot of money on education and thus the education of the young people is good and Tunisians on average enjoy 15 years of education including school, college and university. While Arabic is the main language of instruction, both French and English are taught at school.
Women rights are considered advanced in Tunisia. Arranged marriages and polygamy (being married to more than one woman) are illegal.
Football is the most popular sport in Tunisia, running and hiking are as popular as watersports such as swimming and windsurfing at the coastal resorts.
Arabic is the official language in Tunisia.
The Arabic spoken in Tunisia is called Tounsi. The Tunisian Arabic that is slightly different to the Standard Arabic. However, French and Standard Arabic are spoken by most people in Morocco.
English can be understood and spoken mainly by young people who learn the language in school or privately. Older people usually can speak French and some can speak Italian.
Dates, olives, citrus fruits and a wide range of vegetables such as tomatoes, aubergines, peppers are used in the cuisine in Tunisia.
Here are some typical Tunisian food and dishes:
One animal that often is considered as typical Tunisian national animal is the dromedary. Did you know that it is quite easy to distinguish a dromedary from a camel? A dromedary only has one hump while a camel has two!
Tunisia has eight UNESCO world heritage sites among them is Ichkeul National Park. This park is a sanctuary for migrating birds in winter.
Tunisians thank with a simple gesture, placing the right hand onto the chest close to the heart.
The dress code in Tunisia is western but modest attire is to be worn. Most women do not wear a veil and wearing a veil is not allowed in schools and universities!
Sources for Tunisia Facts page:
Image Credits on Tunisia Facts: photo stock from shutterstock and wikicommons, if not otherwise stated.
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