Here are some interesting Zambia facts which were chosen and researched by kids especially for kids.
To see the location of Zambia, look for the name on the map and zoom in (click on the + sign to the left) to see the huge country centrally located in southern Africa.
The country is located in a central position on the southern African continent. Zambia is a landlocked country and its eight neighbouring countries are:
Zambia is a 7 hours flight from Dubai and 2 hours flight from Johannesburg/South Africa, 14 hours flight from London/UK.
The waterfalls are referred to as Mosi-oa-Tunya by the Zambians. This name means 'The smoke that thunders'. It is said that the noise can be heard from as far as 40 km/ 25 miles away. The Victoria Falls are more than 1,700 m/ 5,600 ft wide.
The name Victoria Falls was given to the waterfalls by the most prominent European explorer who came to Zambia in the 19th century. This was Sir David Livingstone. In 1855, he was the first European who saw the huge waterfalls on the Zambezi River. Livingstone named these waterfalls after the Queen Victoria.
The economy in Zambia is mainly driven by the mining industry, agriculture and fisheries as well as tourism.
Zambia's mining industry mainly consists of copper and cobalt mining. The main mining area is in the country's north west, a stretch which is also called 'the copper belt'. During the copper mining process uranium resources are also exploited. Uranium is used for nuclear power production. The government now plans to build the first nuclear power plant and nuclear research centre in Zambia together with Rosatom from Russia.
Zambia exports mainly tobacco, gold, corn, sugar, cotton and flowers.
The main trading partners are Switzerland, China and South Africa
The major cities in Zambia are Lusaka, Ndola, Kitwe and Mufulira.
The people in Zambia are called Zambians. Almost 40% of the population live in urban areas, that means in the capital city or in larger towns. The slum areas grow as people seek work in the cities and towns. In rural areas many people live in traditional round huts.
The vast majority of the population in Zambia are very poor and families have many children to support them. On average a woman gives birth to 5 - 6 children. Zambia is among the 10 top countries with the highest fertility rate. Zambians are hard working and women often are working on the fields and look after their kids.
Women are often the main breadwinners in their families. As more and more women go to schools and some go on to study, they grow more independent. Some women also open businesses or shops and change their lives for the better.
The health system in Zambia is very poor, there are only a few doctors and hospitals in the country, so people have to go far to see a physician or specialist. Many people die when they get really sick and often cannot afford to go to a clinic. Over half of the people do not have proper toilet facilities and just 1 in 3 people have access to safe drinking water.
In Zambia, there are only three doctors for 20,000 people. In the USA and Europe, there are between 50 and 80 doctors for the same amount of people!
Children start school at the age of seven years and then go to primary school until they are 13 years, afterwards secondary school starts.
Children often are transported on the back of a truck, as school buses are not available everywhere.
Unfortunately 1 in 6 children does not even finish primary school and drops out of school early! In poorer areas, 2 out of 6 children do not finish primary school.
And in rural areas, 1 in 3 children does not finish secondary school or high school. Only 60% of all Zambians who are older than 15 years can read or write!
English is the official language in Zambia, but more than 72 languages are spoken in Zambia!
Besides English, seven local languages are taught in schools and also used in official communications: Bemba, Konde, Lozi, Luna, Luvale and Nyanja and Tonga.
Bemba and Nyanja are the most widely spoken and understood languages.
Corn, soybeans, sugar, coffee and fruits are the main agricultural products in the Zambia.
Zambia main dishes contain: corn, sweet potatoes and groundnuts (peanuts) or maize and beef, chicken and pork.
Here are some typical Zambian food and dishes:
Zambia is home to many rare and endangered animals and plants. There are only a few black rhinos left in the world, so this species is highly protected in Zambia too.
Wild dogs are also one of the most endangered species in the world. Zambia is one of only six countries where there are still wild dogs!
One of the rarest bird species is the shoebill stork, which also still can be found in Zambia.
In and near the Zambezi and Luangwa rivers, you will encounter many hippos and crocodiles, so going on a canoe safari is an exciting adventure!
The country has many national parks where giraffes, zebras, elephants, antelopes, buffaloes and lions roam freely.
Lake Tanganyika is the second largest and deepest freshwater lake in the world.
This lake borders to a small part also Zambia and Burundi, but the two much bigger portions of the lake belong to Tanzania and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).
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Image Credits on Zambia Facts: shutterstock.com and wikicommons, if not otherwise stated.
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