Here are some interesting Myanmar Facts which were chosen and researched by kids especially for kids.
Myanmar is located on the Asian continent, more exactly in Southeast Asia.
Myanmar is the largest country in Southeast Asia and borders Bangladesh, India, China, Laos and Thailand as well as the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea of the Indian Ocean. The longest border is shared with Thailand.
The capital city of Myanmar is Naypyidaw.
Myanmar has a coastline of about 1,930 km/ 1,200 miles length.
Myanmar is slightly smaller in size than the US state of Texas and about half as big as France.
The largest country in Southeast Asia is mainly low-lying, but in the eastern region the rugged and steep highlands are among the highest in Southeast Asia.
About half of Myanmar is covered by forests and low rolling hills. High mountain peaks are located in the northeastern parts of the country.
Most of the people in Myanmar live in the coastal regions or close to the Irrawaddy River.
The biggest city of the country is Yangon, formerly called Rangon, where more than five million people live. Mandalay and Naypyidaw are big cities with less than one million inhabitants.
The largest ethnic group in Myanmar are the Barmar people with about 35 million people. The Barmar mainly settle in the Irrawaddy River basin.
The Myanmar government recognises 135 ethnic groups. The biggest minority group are the Shan and Karen people.
Buddhism is the main religion in Myanmar. Only six percent of the Burmese people are Christians and about 3 percent are Muslims.
The Rohingya people who live in Rakhine state are Muslim and most of them are without citizenship as Myanmar passed a law in 1982 that denies the Rohingya national citizenship and so the Rohingya are a stateless people who are denied human rights and are persecuted. Many of the Rohingya live as refugees who fled to neighbouring countries after violent outbursts and constant discrimination in Myanmar.
The Burmese people celebrate the Burmese Lunar New Year with hundreds of lanterns in October, the seventh month of the Burmese calendar.
The Thadingyut festival is also called Festival of Lights and will be celebrated on 19 October in 2023.
Caneball or Chinlone is the traditional national sport in Myanmar. This is a unique sport that is a mix of dance, martial arts and ball game.
The main agricultural products are rice, sugarcane, vegetables as well as maize, peanuts and plantains.
About 70% of the Burmese people work in the agricultural sector. The people in rural areas lead a simple life. Almost 1 in 4 people in Myanmar are very poor and live below the poverty line.
The main trading partners of Myanmar are China, Thailand and Singapore. Exports from Myanmar include clothes, rice, copper and natural gas.
The national animal of Myanmar is the Indonesian tiger. Myanmar is a highly biodiverse country with over 1100 bird species, 293 reptile species and more than 330 mammal species.
The Sunda pangolin is a critically endangered species. Pangolins are also referred to as scaly ant eaters and live mainly in trees in forested areas. They are nocturnal animals and feed on ants, termites and small insects. Pangolins live throughout Southeast Asia.
Sadly pangolins are hunted for their scales and meat. Chinese traditional medicine claims special healing properties and due to poaching pangolins are considered one of the rarest mammals in the world and although pangolins are protected under Chinese law, illegal trade is happening.
Many dishes in Myanmar consist mainly of rice, tropical fruits and vegetables as well as fish and seafood especially along the coastline and waterways or chicken, pork or beef in the inland regions.
Rice, noodles, salads are often prepared with fermented fish or shrimp paste are the most common ingredients in Burmese dishes. Here are some typical dishes eaten in Myanmar:
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Picture credits in main text on Myanmar Facts: shutterstock.com