Here are some interesting Eswatini facts which were chosen and researched by kids especially for kids.
Eswatini is the second smallest country in continental Africa. Only The Gambia and some African islands are smaller.
Eswatini is landlocked between two countries: Mozambique and South Africa which surrounds the country to north, west and south. The country has two capital cities, Lobamba and Mbabane, but the official capital city is Mbabane. Both cities are located in the country's northwest.
Eswatini is slightly smaller than the state of New Jersey/USA or slightly smaller than Kuwait.
There is an international airport in the capital city Mbabane. A flight to O.R. Tambo international airport in Johannesburg in South Africa takes about 50 minutes from Mbabane.
Eswatini lies on a high plateau and has higher mountains and hills in 'high veld' in the northwest as well as rolling hills.
The Ezulwini Valley near Mbabane is referred to as the "Royal Valley" as there is the royal palace and the seat of parliament in Lobamba. Ezulwini means 'Place of Heaven'. In fact, Lobamba is the second capital as Mbabane is only the seat of the administration of the country.
To the eastern border, there are the rugged and volcanic Lebombo mountains at the border to Mozambique. The eastern regions, however, are mainly covered by dry bush veld.
Sibebe Rock is the largest granite dome in the world. The massive volcanic rock is over 3 billion years old and is over 800 m/ 3,000 ft high. You can climb on it to admire the panoramic views.
The Ezulwini Craft Market is the largest market in the country with over 1,200 stalls where you can find anything. From textiles and wooden carvings to traditional garments and beadwork.
The emaSwati, also often referred to as Swazi people, live mainly in rural areas in the valleys and plains. Manzini is the kingdom's busiest city.
Unemployment is high in Eswatini and thus poverty is a major challenge. More than half pf the population live below the poverty line.
Eswatini has the fifth highest youth unemployment rate in the world. 47% of the young people between 15 and 24 years are unemployed. Many emaSwati emigrated as the industry and mining sector downsized in the last ten years.
Most emaSwati are Christians (90%) with the majority of them being Zionists which is a mix of indigenous worship of ancestors and Christian belief.
The Reed Dance is a major event in the Swati culture. Then young girls and women travel from all over the country to attend the annual ceremony in front of the King. Reed more here.
52% of the population are 24 years and younger, with more than one third of the people being under 14 years of age! The health sector is lacking doctors and nurses with only 3 doctors per 10,000 people!
Eswatini has the world’s highest HIV/AIDS prevalence rate with almost one third of all adults having the disease.
Here a lovely insight into the cultural traditions of the country.
SiSwati and English are the official languages in Eswatini, siSwati is closely related to isiZulu. The siSwati language has three click sounds that you might find difficult to pronounce if you are not used to them.
Here four easy words (without click sounds) to remember:
The natural resources of Eswatini are coal, clay, talc, cassiterite, some gold and diamonds
The main agricultural products are sugar cane, maize and tropical fruits such as oranges, grape fruit and bananas. Agricultural land accounts for 68% of the land area, most of it are pastures.
About 60 % of the energy in the country is produced by renewal energy sources such as hydropower, Eswatini is ranking fifth in the world for producing renewal energy as the main energy resource!
The main trading partner is South Africa. Also the eSwati currency is pegged to the South African rand.
Eswatini has a rich wildlife. Here you can encounter many species of mammals, from elephants to hippos and giraffes. There are many different species of antelopes such as the blesbok you see below.
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Image Credits on Eswatini Facts: shutterstock.com and wikicommons, if not otherwise stated.
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