Here are some interesting Australia Facts which were chosen and researched by kids especially for kids.
Australia is an island country in the Southern hemisphere and belongs to Oceania/Australia. Australia is surrounded by the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean.
Australia/Oceania is the smallest continent of the seven continents and although some consider Australia as the largest island in the world, Australia is commonly referred to as a country and a continent. (Greenland is the biggest island in the world).
Australia is also the driest inhabited continent of the world.
Did you know that Australia is the largest country in the Southern hemisphere and the largest country without land borders?
Australia is the sixth largest country in the world, after Russia, Canada, USA, China and Brazil.
The country is divided into six states (Southern Australia, Western Australia, New South Wales, Queensland, Victoria and Tasmania) and two self-governing territories: Northern Territory and Australian Capital Territory (which is around Canberra, the capital city).
The country's interior consists of arid and semi-arid areas which are referred to as 'outback'. About 70% of Australia are outback, while the coastal plains are more fertile and house the majority of Australia's population. About 35% of Australia's land area are covered by deserts.
Most of Australia's population live in the eastern and southern parts of the country and along the coastline.
Australia is roughly the same size as the USA without the states of California and Texas.
Australia belongs to the Commonwealth countries. Read more here.
More about the most famous Landmarks of Australia here.
The biggest cities in Australia are Sydney, Melbourne, Perth, Brisbane and Adelaide. These cities are all located at the coast or close to the coast and are the only metropolitan cities in Australia with more than one million inhabitants.
Canberra is Australia's capital city and the only major city of the country further away from the coast. Canberra is located about 150 km/ 93 miles inland from the Pacific Ocean coastline and about 280 km/ 173 miles to the southwest of Sydney.
Read more about Australia's landmarks and attractions.
Australia Facts: Sydney is Australia's largest city with about 5 million inhabitants, which means that about 20% of all Australians live in this metropolitan city.
The main city in the country's interior is Alice Springs while Darwin is the biggest city in the Northern Territory.
There are many great attractions in the country. Some of these are - listed in alphabetical order:
To read about Australian landmarks and the Top 10 Visitor Attractions in Australia, click here
Australia's first or indigenous people, are usually referred to as the aboriginal people of Australia. They make up 2% of Australia's population today. The indigenous Australians are said to be direct descendants of migrants from Africa who left the African continent about 75,000 years ago. They have migrated over the Australasian continent until they settled in Australia around 60,000 years ago.
Today aboriginal people live in all main cities in Australia but most of them still live in the desert areas of the Australian outback. On the image above, you can see a man playing the didgeridoo, a kind of wooden trumpet, which is really difficult to play. The aboriginal people are highly skilled in arts and crafts and share with visitors their vast knowledge about the land and the environment.
The 'outback' is the vast, dry and remote inland parts of the Australian continent. Some aboriginal people live still in the sacred area around Uluru, a huge rock formation in the centre of the continent.
Uluru was formerly referred to as Ayers Rock. Many groups of aboriginal people also live in the Northern Territory in Kakadu National Park, which they call 'Arnhem Land', the land of their ancestors.
Australia is home to many animal species. In fact, Australia houses more than 10% of the world's biodiversity (animals and plant varieties).
Among the most well-known Australian animals are kangaroos, wombats, koalas and the dingos.
Roadsigns in Australia warn drivers about wild animals mainly kangaroos that might cross the roads.
Kangaroos are marsupials, which means, they carry their babies in their pouches. See the cute little joey (this is how baby kangaroos are called).
Wombats are also marsupials. Wombats have sharp teeth, but are herbivores. This means they eat grasses, bark and roots. Wombats are mainly night-active, but can also be seen out looking for food on cool and overcast days, such as this wombat on the picture below.
Read more about the fascinating Australian wildlife on our special page here.
We hope you enjoyed these updated Australian facts:-)
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