Here are some interesting Nicaragua Facts for Kids which were choosen and reseached by kids especially for kids.
Nicaragua is a country on the North American continent. Nicaragua is the largest country in the region called Central America.
- Central America includes seven countries: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Panama. Read more about Central America here. -
Nicaragua has a Pacific Ocean coastline and and Atlantic Ocean coastline. The Caribbean Sea is part of the Atlantic Ocean. The coastlines combined measure about 910 km/ 565 miles.
Nicaragua borders two countries: Honduras in the north and Costa Rica in the south of the country. The border to Honduras is about three times as long as the border to Costa Rica.
The name Nicaragua originates most probably from the indigenous Nahuatl words for "by the water".
Nicaragua is slightly larger than England/ UK or slightly larger than the US state of Pennsylvania.
Nicaragua's nickname "the land of lakes and volcanoes" refers to the many lagoons, lakes and waterways as well as the chain of volcanoes alongside the Pacific Ocean coastline.
There are about 50 volcanos in Nicaragua, though only seven are considered as active. Here is Masaya volcano which is located just 20 km/ 12 miles outside of the capital city Managua.
Most volcanoes are situated along Nicaragua's narrow coastal plain on the Pacific coast. Nicaragua has Central America's largest freshwater lake, Lago de Nicaragua. This lake has over 400 islands! The largest island of these is Ometepe island.
Nicaragua is one of the countries where tourism is growing tremendously and agritourism as well as ecotourism is thriving.
León and Granada with their colonial architecture are well-liked cities with tourists and San Juan del Sur and Ometepe island are popular beach and nature destinations. There are clear crater lakes and many of the volcanos invite for hikes and climbs or sand boarding.
Here are some favourite attractions in Nicaragua for families:
Nicaragua is the poorest country of the Americas and the second poorest in the Western Hemisphere.
There are seven indigenous peoples in Nicaragua. Five percent of all Nicaraguans are indigenous peoples, the descendants of the country's original inhabitants.
The Chorotega (221,000) and Miskito (150,000) peoples are the largest indigenous communities. The Chorotega and Matagalpa people live mainly in the Pacific and northern regions while the Miskito and the Rama live mainly along the Atlantic Coast.
Other ethnic communities include the Garifuna and Creole peoples, who are Afro-descendants.
The people in Nicaragua speak mainly Spanish and English as well as indigenous languages. The Nicaraguan Spanish has many indigenous influences and several distinguishing characteristics.
Baseball and soccer are the most popular sports in Nicaragua.
Dance is popular in Nicaragua with many dance styles around. Marimba and guitarilla (smaller guitar, similar to a ukulele and also has four strings) are common instruments.
There is no official religion in Nicaragua as freedom of religion is promoted also by the government. The major religion is the Roman Catholic faith.
Nicaragua is mainly an agricultural country and the main agricultural products are coffee, tobacco, sugar cane, cassava, peanuts, plantains and fruits including melons.
The main exports of Nicaragua are coffee, beef and gold and the main trading partners of Nicaragua are the USA, Mexico, China and El Salvador.
The main ports of Nicaragua are Bluefield and Corinto.
In Nicaragua, you will find a large variety of fruits and vegetables at the street markets. The main agricultural products sold here are plantains, root vegetables, melons, citrus fruits and groundnuts.
Traditional Nicaraguan dishes include:
Nicaragua is home to over 12,000 species of plants and animals.
There are over 700 bird species in Nicaragua, however, none of the birds are endemic, which means they are not only found in this country but are encountered in other countries too. For example, the brightly marked toucan with the enormous colourful bill is found in many other Central American countries too.
The motmot with their colourful plumes are another bird that is commonly encountered in Central America as are the resplendent quetzals, hummingbirds and goldfinches.
A unique shark species, the bull shark, can be found in the Nicaraguan waters that also survives in freshwater for an extended time. The bull shark is found in the San Juan river and in Lake Nicaragua and is referred to often as the Nicaraguan shark.
This shark species thrives in warm shallow water and otherwise found in rivers and lakes in Africa or Australian and in the Mississippi River in the USA.
We hope you enjoyed reading our Nicaragua Facts for Kids. Make sure to bookmark this page, as we plan to add on more information. Feel free to contact us if your school would like to work on a school project about Nicaragua (animals, food, people, traditions, games, sport etc.) with us.
Picture credits on Nicaragua Facts for Kids: Shutterstock.com; sand boarding by Matyas Rehak/shutterstock.com; school children by Gonzalo Bell/shutterstock.com; children in Granada by Marek Poplawski/shutterstock.com; image Panamacanal by Erwin Widmer/shutterstock.com
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