Here are some interesting Mozambique facts which were chosen and researched by kids especially for kids.
On the map you can see the neighbouring countries and the southern location of the country's capital city Maputo.
The country is located on the Southeastern African continent and borders the Mozambique Channel of the Indian Ocean. The country is located between South Africa in the South and Tanzania in the North.
Mozambique borders six countries:
is an 11 hours flight from Dubai and 14 hours flight from London/UK, 16 hours flight from New York/USA.
The capital city of Mozambique is Maputo since 1898. Before independence, this the city was known as Lourenço Marques after the Portuguese explorer who set food in the area in 1544. Today Maputo is the largest city and main business centre of the country.
Mozambique is roughly twice as big as the state of California/ USA. Mozambique is more than twice the size of Germany or more than three times the size of the UK and slightly smaller than Pakistan.
The country has two main geographic regions which are separated by the Zambezi River. In the North, there is only a small coastal strip and there are lower highlands that far inland lead to higher rugged mountain ranges.
Mozambique has a tropical climate with two seasons.
The name 'Mozambique' comes from the name of an Arab trader Mussa-Al-Bik who settled on an offshore island in the 15th century. At that time the capital city was located on this island until 1898 when it was moved to Maputo which is on the mainland.
Some more Mozambique geography facts:
Mozambique is one of the poorest and underdeveloped countries in Africa. The country is often hit by disastrous droughts and cyclones which bring flooding to coastal areas. The country is sparsely populated and most people either live in the coastal regions or in the fertile Zambezi river valley in the north of the country.
The economy in Mozambique is mainly driven by agriculture and fisheries. More than 80% of the Mozambicans work in agriculture.
Among the main exports are prawns, cotton, sugar and citrus fruits. Mozambique is also one of Africa's largest producers of cashew nuts.
Mining plays an important role in Mozambique. The main resources are gold and tantalum, a metal which is used in electronics. Rock salt is mined as well as is marble.
The discovery of huge natural gas and oil fields off the northern coast of the country led to the establishment of new industries in the region. However, civil unrest is still creating challenges especially in the country's northern region.
The biggest trading partners of Mozambique are South Africa, India, Netherlands, China, UAE and Portugal.
The main sea ports are located Beira and Maputo as well as Nacala.
Most Mozambicans live along the coast from Maputo to Inhambane and along the Zambezi river as well as around Beira.
Only about a third of all Mozambicans live in urban areas, such as the capital city or in larger towns. The largest cities are Maputo, Beira and Nampula. Most people live in rural areas.
The northwestern parts of the country are only sparsely populated. In rural areas many people live in traditional huts.
As a country ruled by Portugal for a long time, the Portuguese language and Catholicism are still upheld in many parts of the country. Portuguese cultural influences in the Mozambican culture can still be experienced but mostly people practise native cultures.
Mozambique is among the top ten countries with the highest birth rates in the world. More than 45% of all Mozambicans are children and under 15 years old.
About 2.1 million Mozambicans live with HIV/AIDS and Mozambique is among the three countries that have the highest HIV/AIDS rates among their populations. Mozambique ranks after South Africa and India.
Portuguese is the most spoken and main working language in Mozambique. More than 80 languages are spoken in Mozambique! Swahili is spoken in the northwestern parts of the country bordering Tanzania and Shona is the main regional language along the border to Zimbabwe. Tsonga is spoken in the southern regions.
Portuguese is taught as first language in all schools. Here are some expressions that are used in Mozambique:
Cassava, cashew nuts, chilli, peppers, corn and fruits such as bananas or avocados are the main agricultural products in the Mozambique.
Corn, cassava, cashews and coconut are most common in dishes as are chicken, goat and seafood. Mozambican main dishes contain vegetables and spicy grilled foods.
Here are some typical Mozambican food and dishes:
Mozambique is home to many rare and endangered animals and plants. The mountain nyala and the Simien jackal are unique to Mozambique. The country is also known for its communities of black and white colobus monkeys and the gelada baboons.
In the lowlands many antelope species, wild pigs and monkeys roam freely. In Mozambique there are 12 national parks and national reserves where animals are protected.
Mozambique is often hit by cyclones during the rainy season. The last time it has been hit badly was by cyclone Idai in March 2019.
The heavy rains and winds have destroyed a vast region around Beira. An inland 'ocean' was created by the storm and the subsequent flooding covered an area as big as the European country of Luxembourg!
Source for Mozambique Facts page:
Image Credits on Mozambique Facts: shutterstock and wikicommons, if not otherwise stated.
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