Here are some interesting Bolivia facts which were chosen and researched by kids especially for kids.
Bolivia is a country on the South American continent.
Bolivia is located to the southwest of Brazil and shares borders not only with Brazil, but also with Argentina, Paraguay, Chile and Peru. The longest border is shared with Brazil though.
Bolivia is less than three times the size of the state of Montana/USA. A flight to La Paz takes about 17 hours from London, and about 12.5 hours from New York.
Bolivia is a landlocked country. This means the country does not share any border with an ocean.
Bolivia, however, claims part of Lake Titicaca, which is the world's highest navigable lake at 3805 m/ 12483 ft. There are regular border disputes over access to Lake Titicaca with Peru, which also claims territory.
The country has many different landscapes. There are the highlands with rough and icy mountainous areas and even volcanoes and then there are dense rainforests in the Amazon basin.
Thus the climate is also very diverse. Western Bolivia is generally colder due its high altitude - similar to the Andes highlands. The mean elevation is 1192 m/ 3910 ft.
The highest point in Bolivia is the Nevado Sajama with 6542 m/ 21463 ft.
The eastern side of Bolivia is warmer, and it can get very hot in the plains and humid in the rainforest region of the Amazon basin.
The biggest cities in Bolivia are Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Cochabamba and the (administrative) capital city La Paz.
Did you know that La Paz is the highest city in the world at 3650 m/ 11975 ft?
There are several active volcanos in the Andes Mountains on the border with Chile. The last volcanic eruption was in 1995 at the Irruputuncu volcano.
Most of the Bolivians (70%) live in urban areas. Bolivia is home to the largest indigenous population in Latin America followed by Guatemala and Peru.
There are also 36 indigenous languages recognised in Bolivia but the four languages Spanish, Quechua, Aymara and Guarani are the most used official languages.
Bolivia has the highest inequality of all Latin American countries. There are some very rich people while the majority of the country is extremely poor. The educational standards are said to be very low especially in rural areas.
Half of all Bolivians are very poor. Most of the Bolivians are 'mestizo' which means they are of mixed race with indigenous white ancestors.
Some Bolivians have moved to Argentina and Brazil, some even as far away as to the USA and Spain. In recent years many people flee poverty to seek better chances in life.
Many Bolivians work either in the service sector of the cities, in the mines or in the agricultural sector. Bolivia produces many agricultural products, such as soybeans, quinoa, Brazil nuts, sugarcane, coffee and corn.
There is compulsory military service for all Bolivian citizens. Boys and girls have to join the military for a one-year-training when they turn 18 years of age. But some boys join the army already when they are only 14 years old.
The sports that are the most popular in Bolivia are soccer (called fútbol), tennis, swimming, horse riding and cycling. Soccer is the most popular sports activity.
The national animals of Bolivia are the Andean condor and the llama.
Llamas grow up to 1.8 m/ 5.8 ft tall. They weigh up to 200 kg/ 440 lbs and grow around 20 years old. Llamas live in herds and have a dense wooly coat. Below see a llama on the Altiplano, the Bolivian highlands.
Sometimes people mistake alpacas for llamas. This is how you can distinguish between a llama and an alpaca:
Llamas are much bigger and heavier than alpacas. They have long curved ears which are often referred to as banana-shaped and they have a straight back. Llamas are often kept as guard animals and for packing and carrying loads.
A llama has a very coarse outer coat but the wool is not as fine and silky as the alpaca's wool. Alpacas have more hair in the face and on the top of the head. Below see an alpaca with baby.
In Bolivia, there are jaguars, pumas, capybaras, chinchillas and the Andean flamingoes. Did you know that the Andean flamingo is one of the rarest flamingo species in the world?
Typical Bolivian food consists of a variety of fruits and vegetables. However, meat such as beef, pork and chicken is also part of the traditional dishes.
These are some typical Bolivian snacks and dishes:
Image Credits on Bolivia Facts page: Shutterstock.com and own images.
Many Thanks to a wonderful Grade 4 student from the Montessori Education Centre in Alexandria/USA for his input on this Bolivia Facts page! Your help is much appreciated!