Here are some interesting facts about Angola for kids which were chosen and researched by kids especially for kids.
Angola is a large country located in southwestern Africa and borders the Atlantic Ocean. The country lies south of the Equator.
Angola borders four countries: The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is to the North, Zambia is to the East and South and Namibia to the South and the South Atlantic Ocean lies to the West of the country.
Angola also has an exclave called Cabinda within the Republic of Congo. The longest border is shared with the DRC over 867km/ 539 miles. Angola has an Atlantic Ocean coastline that is 1650 km/ 1,025 miles long.
Angola is the seventh largest country on the African continent and the second largest country south of the Sahara - after the DRC - which is about double the size of Angola!
The country is slightly smaller than Peru and about double as the size of France. Angola is also slightly less than double the size of Texas/ USA.
Angola's name comes from the word 'ngola' of the local language which referred to the title of the local Ndongo king. The Ndongo kingdom was one of the largest kingdoms in the region.
The coastal lowlands with low cliffs made of red sandstone lead over rolling hills and mountains in the northern escarpment and steeper mountains in the South to high plains and the interior highlands. The high plateau dominates the Angolan topography. There is rainforest in the North and in the exclave Cabinda.
Angola has a tropical climate along the coast and a temperate climate on the plateau and highlands. The coldest months are July and August.
The Benguela current off the Angolan coast is a cool current thus the climate along the coast is mild and similar to the coastal climate in Peru or Mexico's Baja California.
The national animals is the Giant sable antelope. This is the largest of the antelope species and is only found in Angola.
The sable antelope sadly is a critically endangered species.
There is rich wildlife in Angola. Although the biodiversity has suffered due to the many years of war and illegal poaching, there are still almost 300 species of mammals and over 980 species of birds. Common birds are herons, flamingoes, ostriches and even albatrosses.
The Big Five animals, the lion, leopard, rhinoceros, buffalo and elephant all can be found in Angola.
The Angolan Colobus monkey, a black monkey with black face and white long hair around the face, and the Angolan genet, a cat-like mammal, both are rare sights but are species that only live in Southern Africa.
Most Angolans live in the western part of the country, where there are also the largest urban centres. The biggest cities are Luanda, Lubango, Cabinda, Benguela and Malanje.
Angola is the second youngest country in Africa, with almost half its people being under 14 years old!
Angola has the second highest birth rate in the world and the third lowest average age of the population with not even 16 years! Compare this to Brazil where the average is 33 years, in the USA it is 38.5 years, in the UK it is 40.6 years and in Germany 47.8 years!
There are nine main Bantu tribes and some few San people in Angola. Most of the Angolan people belong to the Ovimbundu and Kimbundu ethnic groups, which include together about 62% of the population. The Bakongo people are the third largest ethnic group.
The Mucawana, also called Mucahaona people, are traditionally nomadic people that live in Southern Angola close to the Namibian border where they live with Himba people. They are known for their elaborate hairstyles and jewellery.
Angola has the second highest birth rate in the world - after Niger. Almost half of the population (48%) are children under 14 years of age.
After Niger and Uganda, Angola has the lowest average age of the population with not even 16 years! Compared to Brazil: 33 years, USA 38.5 years, UK 40.6 years, Germany 47.8 years!
There are about 100 ethnic groups in Angola, all with different languages and different customs.
Most of the Angolans are Christians (80%). The Cathedral of the Holy Saviour, called São Salvador, in M'banza Congo is considered the oldest colonial church in Southern Africa.
However, the church has been abandoned for many years. The church ruins from the 15th century are a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Angola was once ruled by kingdoms. The 'land of the kings' is still home to several kings from the Ndongo kingdom, the Kongo kingdom, the Mbalundu, the Assante or the Mbunda kingdom.
Angola is the second strongest economy in Southern Africa - after South Africa.
Income from Oil and Gas account for more than half of the country's national income. Angola is Africa's strongest oil leader and among the world's most important oil and gas producers.
Crude oil is Angola's biggest export product. Diamonds and iron ore are also important resources.
Although officially only 10% of all Angolans work in the agricultural sector, however subsistence farming is common in rural areas. Over 80% of the Angolan farms are small or medium sized.
The main agricultural produce are: cassava, rice, coffee, beans as well as bananas, citrus fruits, pineapples, mango and avocado.
The main trading partners of Angola are China, India and Portugal.
Angolan staple foods include cassava, corn, millet, sorghum as well as beans, okra, vegetables and fruit.
Fresh fish and seafood is abundant in coastal regions of Kenya. The dishes on the eastern coastline are influenced mainly by Arabic and Indian cooking styles.
Moamba de galinha is commonly considered as the national dish of Angola.
Typical food in Angola:
We hope you enjoyed our Facts about Angola. We will add more info about this stunning country soon. Now enjoy our other pages with facts about other African countries...
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