Singapore Facts

Singapore Merlion and Gardens on the Bay - image by Sean PavoneSingapore Facts: Marina Bay-images by Sean Pavone

Interesting Singapore Facts for Kids

Here are some interesting Singapore Facts which were chosen and researched by kids especially for kids.

Singapore Flag
  • Population: almost 6 million people live in Singapore (2023)
  • Capital: Singapore. It's a city state! 
  • Name: Republic of Singapore
  • Government: Parliamentary Republic
  • Languages: English, Mandarin, Tamil, Malay
Singapore National Flower Miss Vanda Joaquim by Eldred Lim / shutterstock.comNational Flower
  • Religion: majority are Buddhists or Christians
  • Life expectancy: 82.6 years
  • Currency: 1 Singapore dollar (SGD) = 100 cents
  • National Colours: red and while
  • National Flag: The red stands for brotherhood and equality, the white for purity and virtue, while the crescent moon stands for the young nation on the rise and the five stars are the ideals which are followed: democracy, peace, progress, justice and equality. 
  • National Symbols: 'Miss Vanda Joaquim orchid, the Merlion (half fish, half lion)
  • National Anthem: Majulah Singapura (Onward Singapore)
  • History: Singapore was founded as a British colony by Sir Stamford Raffles in 1819. During World War II, from 1942 - 1945, Singapore was occupied by Japan. It became independent in 1965. Much of the country is built on sand on reclaimed land. The sand is imported mainly from Malaysia, Vietnam and Cambodia.
  • National Day: 9 August
Singapore National Day FireworksSingapore National Day Fireworks on 9 August

Where is Singapore? Singapore Map

Singapore is an island country on the Asian continent. The country is in Southeast Asia. The country's islands are located between Malaysia and Indonesia.

On the map below you can spot where Singapore is located in south eastern Asia. The country lies 137km / 85 miles north of the equator.

A flight from Singapore to Tokyo takes 8 hours, 13 hours to London/England, 12.5hours to New York/USA. 

Singapore is roughly 3.5 times as big as the city of Washington D.C. in the USA.

Singapore is also slightly smaller than the Polynesian island country of Tonga in Oceania or the Caribbean island country of Dominica.

Singapore Facts | Singapore Geography

Singapore is a city state which is connected via a bridge and a freeway to the mainland of Malaysia.

However, Singapore is not only one island! 63 islands belong to the city state and are dotted around the Singapore coastline, most of these islands are inhabited.

Singapore MapSingapore Map - Sentosa is the second largest island of the nation
  • The largest island (after the main island) is Sentosa in the south of the main island. Sentosa Island has many resorts and family entertainment centres such as the Universal Studios, Waterworld. The historic Fort Siloso is also on Sentosa Island. There are several lovely beaches for a fun day out or a relaxing couple of days after the hustle and bustle of the city.
Sentosa Beach SingaporeBeach on Sentosa
  • The highest natural point of the Singaporean island is Bukit Timah Hill with 164 metres/538 ft.

Singapore Facts 
How Singapore got its name

Singapore comes from the Sanskrit name 'Singapura' which means 'lion city'. The Merlion, the country's national symbol, has been inspired by the city's name.

Singapore with Merlion - image by Sean Pavone / Shutterstock.comSingapore's Merlion and Marina Bay - image by Sean Pavone

Actually, the name Singapura was given to the city by a Sumatran prince who ruled in the region in the 14th century. This prince encountered a strange animal when hunting. At that time his advisors believed the prince spotted a lion. However, lions never lived in this region, but tigers! Until the 1930s, tigers could be found in the wild in Singapore, now you only can see one in the city's zoo.

Singapore Facts | Singapore Attractions

Here are our favourite Singapore attractions for kids:

Gardens by the Bay with illuminated trees in blue - image by Hatchapong PalurtchalvongGardens by the Bay - image by Hatchapong Palurtchaivong
  • Marina Bay with its Gardens on the Bay: fascination modern constructions and a huge nature park including two conservatories: the flower dome and cloud forest. And don't miss the fabulous Artscience Museum (shown below).
Singapore Artscience museumSingapore Artscience Museum - image by Sean Pavone
  • Jurong Bird Park: Admire the highest man-made waterfall (30 metres/ 98 ft high) and the numerous colourful birds and parrots in the huge aviary.
Singapore parrots
  • National Orchid Garden at the Botanical Garden: There are over 200 different orchid species, many are named after visitors such as Nelson Mandela, the Queen Elisabeth or even Jackie Chan!
Singapore Orchid GardenSingapore Orchid Gardens - image by Asif Islam
  • Singapore Zoo: Don't miss a 'night safari' or 'breakfast with an orang-utan' in the zoo. The zoo is huge and over 1,000 animals can be seen at nighttime on a train ride through the parklike setting!
  • Bukit Timah Reserve: go for walks in this green jungle-like reserve where you can encounter monkeys, see turtles in the lake and admire the many different tree species. Actually in this nature reserve you will find more tree species than on the entire North American continent!
Singapore Monkey in Bukit Timah Nature ReserveMonkey in Bukit Timah Nature Reserve
  • Singapore Grand Prix circuit: Singapore is famous for its F1 night races. But the races are so very loud, you have to protect your ears!
  • Visit the Fountain of Wealth at Suntec City. This is the largest fountain in the world! The huge towers around the fountain have been built in the form of a palm of a hand. This form is said to bring good fortune according to the traditions of Feng Shui.
Singapore Fountain of WealthSingapore - Fountain of Wealth at Suntec City

Singapore Facts
Languages in Singapore

The official languages in Singapore are:

  • English
  • Mandarin Chinese
  • Tamil and
  • Malay.

The national anthem's lyrics (text) are written in Malay. Almost all Singaporeans are bilingual, that means they speak English and another home language such as Malay or Mandarin or a Chinese dialect such as Hokkien.

The Singaporeans speak English with a local twist: 'Singlish' adds often a 'lah' or 'leh' at the end of a word. 

Singlish versus English - by Kids World Travel Guide

Just try it out:

  • 'Can lah' means 'Yes, it's possible.'
  • 'Can can' means 'Yes, of course, let's do this'.
  • 'I don know leh' means 'Somehow I do not know'
  • 'I don need lah' means 'I really don't need this.'
  • 'shiok' means 'cool' or 'great'

Singapore Facts |
Singapore People

Famous Singaporeans are:

  • Lee Kuan Yew, founding father of modern Singapore (1923 - 2015)
  • Ashley Islam, much celebrated fashion designer 
  • Dick Lee, musician and Singapore's Idol judge. Listen here to his most famous song: 'Home'
  • Fann Wong, hollywood actress, played in 'Shanghai Nights'
  • Joseph Schooling, 21 year old swimmer who won the first-ever Olympic gold medal for Singapore in the 2016 olympics
Singapore swimmer Joseph SchoolingJoseph Schooling (right) with other medalists: From left: Lazlo Czech (Hungary), Chad le Clos (South Africa), Michael Phelps (USA)

Meeting friends and eating out at a food centre is a favourite past time for many Singaporeans. Singapore families like to spend their time together outdoors, skating or walking in East Coast Park or visiting any of the nature reserves of the islands. 

Roller skating along the East CoastRoller skating along the East Coast

Shopping is also a favourite past time for many Singaporeans, no wonder as Singapore is famous for its huge shopping malls along Orchard Road and the Marina Bay. 

Singapore Orchard Road SignSingapore's famous shopping mile

Teenagers love going to the movies or meeting up for fun karaoke sessions. Singaporean children have to study hard. Primary school usually last until 13h30 and then most kids attend extra lessons either at school or a tutoring centre and some come home only at dinner time. 

Singaporean pupils are always involved in some kind of competition. In fact, Singaporean schools are record holders not only in having built the longest human domino chain, but many other records. The human chain was formed by 9234 students and was 4.2km/2.6 miles long! Another fabulous record was set by these students - building a 199.8 metre long coin chain spelling out these words: 

'Never give up - your desire for success should be greater than your fear of failure.'

The Singaporeans love fun competitions. They also hold a world record in line dancing! 11,967 dancers participated in 2002 in this massive dance event. Read more about their fun school records here.

Singapore Festivals

Singapore Facts: The Singaporeans celebrate many festivals. Among the most popular are: Chinese New Year, Mid-autumn or Moon Festival, Christmas. For these celebrations, you will see everywhere thousands and thousands of lanterns and light decorations.

Chinese New Year is celebrated towards the end of January and in February. Here an image with typical Chinese New Year decorations in the city. In 2017, it was the 'Year of the Rooster', this is why they decorated the street crossing with this huge rooster!

Singapore New Years festival - rooster

2023 is celebrated as the 'Year of the Rabbit'.

happy chinese new year

Singapore Culture Tips

Singapore fine signs'Fine City'
  • Chewing gum is prohibited in Singapore. You are not allowed to bring chewing gum into the country, otherwise you might get fined at customs.
  • October 1 is National Children's Day. On this day, children receive presents and treats - an a day off school on the Friday of this week!
  • When you are given a present in Singapore, receive it with both hands. Don't open the present straight away, it is polite to wait and to only open it later.
  • Always hand over things, such as money, gifts, credit card or business card with both hands. It is considered impolite if only one hand is used.
  • Singaporeans have good luck numbers: The lucky numbers are 2 and 8. So if you choose gifts, best to hand over two - or eight! And if you give children a money present on Chinese New year, think of these numbers!

Singapore Food

Singaporeans love to eat rice and rice noodle dishes. The Singaporean staple diet does not include dairy based dishes, but you will find many dishes including coconut or rice milk products.

Singaporeans love to eat out and there are many food courts or food centres all over the city. Here people come to eat breakfast, lunch or dinner or just visit for a snack during the day. Food courts are called hawker centres and the image below shows one of the most famous hawker centres in Singapore. It is called Lau Pa Sat.

Singapore Food Market: Lau Pa Sat Hawker Centre - image by Christian Heinz / Shutterstock.comLau Pa Sat Hawker Centre - image by Christian Heinz

Singapore Facts - Popular Singapore food:

  • Satay: grilled chicken or beef cubes on a stick served with peanut sauce available at many street stalls and hawker centres
Singapore SataySingapore Satay
  • Kaya Toast: popular snack or breakfast. Toast with coconut egg jam and sweet sugary topping
  • Roti Prata: fried flatbread served with vegetable or meet curries
  • Singapore Chili Crab: crab in very spicy chilli sauce
  • Ice Kejang: ice with red bean dessert - delicious!
  • Coconut Water drinks: we loved to get our fresh coconuts from the hawker centres at the East Coast park
  • Yu Shen Prosperity Noodles: Singaporean traditional dish to celebrate Chinese New Year

Animals in Singapore

Although Singapore is covered by large urban areas with houses and buildings, but there are more than 24 nature reserves and 5 nature parks in this tiny island nation. Wildlife in Singapore is varied and more than 390 animal species live in the nature reserves. See some animals here.

The biggest nature park, Chestnut Park, was opened in 2017 and it is bigger than 110 soccer fields! But this park is still only ¼ of the size of Central Park in New York/USA or ½ of the size of Hyde Park in London.

However, there are many hiking and biking trails in the parks in Singapore and along the city's coastline and you can encounter many bird species and of course, monkeys. But there are also some huge flying foxes in Singapore!

Flying fox hanging from treeFlying fox hanging down from tree

Singapore's flying foxes are the largest bats in the world! They have a wingspan of up to 1.5 metres/ 4.9 ft. However, these bats cannot be encountered in the busy city but on Pulau Ubin, one of the small islands of the Singapore coast.

Interesting Singapore Facts
Did you know...?

... that the lyrics (text) of the Singaporean anthem is printed on the back of the a Singapore Dollar note. The tiny text snippet is printed on the S$1000 note only!

1000 Singapore dollar note

Popular Pages

Asia Facts for Kids
Asia Quiz for Kids

Singapore Facts for Kids | Useful Resources

Find more Singapore Facts for further research here:

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Picture credits on this page: Images by, top image for Singapore facts by Sean Pavone/

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