Here are some interesting Belgium Facts which were chosen and researched by kids especially for kids.
Belgium Facts: Belgium is a small country in Western Europe and borders the Atlantic Ocean's North Sea. The capital city of Belgium is Brussels.
Belgium shares land borders with France, Germany, Luxembourg and the Netherlands. The longest border is shared with France.
Brussels is not only the capital city of Belgium, but with 2 million inhabitants also the most populous city in the country. Antwerp in northern Belgium is the second largest city but only with half the population of Brussels. Other big cities in Brussels are Ghent, Charleroi and Liège.
Most people in Belgium live in the Northern and Western parts of the country. Most of Belgium is covered by rolling hills and coastal plains. The most sparsely populated areas are found in the Southeast where there is also the forest of the Ardennes with rocky and rugged uplands.
Belgium is divided in three regions: Flanders, Wallonia and Brussels with the Capital Region.
In geographical terms Belgium is divided into the coastal plains of Flanders, the central plateau and the Ardennes highlands which are in Wallonia.
Here are some more Belgium facts and geography superlatives:
Belgium is roughly the same size as the state of Maryland in the USA - or about the same size as Lesotho.
Brussels, the capital city, has many attractions and landmarks. Among these are the main landmark called 'Atomium' (shown on the image at the top of the page), the Royal Palace, the EU parliament buildings and Grand Place, also called Grote Markt. And dont' miss to visit the Comic Art Museum which is one of the most popular museums in Belgium.
Ghent is a picturesque and known for its medieval buildings and the castle. Ghent is the third largest city of the country. The belfry of Ghent is the tallest bell tower in Belgium.
Bruges in western Belgium has many canals. One of the canals lead out of town to the port of Zeebrugge, which is Belgium's main port. Zeebrugge is also the place of one of the largest fish markets in Europe. Bruges has many chocolateries, little chocolate factories and shops, so don't miss to stock up on delicious treats to bring home.
Antwerp is the second largest city in Belgium and best known for its Flemish Renaissance architecture and its diamond district. Here you can visit Rubens House and marvel at the buildings at the historic city center.
Belgium has three official languages: French, Dutch and German. French is spoken mainly in Wallonia in southern Belgium while people in northern Belgium speak predominantly Dutch. Dutch is spoken by about 60% of the population as first language. Only a small minority of people in eastern Belgium speak German as first language.
Brussels is a bilingual city and in many touristy places people speak English as well as French and Dutch or German. English is the second foreign language in many schools.
The Belgian Dutch is slightly different to the Netherlands Dutch and referred to as Flemish, while the Belgian French is today similar to standard French. The Belgian French Walloon is spoken only by some people.
Belgium has a king and a royal family. King Philippe and Queen Mathilde have four children.
King's Day in Belgium is celebrated every year on 15 November.
Among the most famous Belgians are:
Belgians love sports and many are active players of soccer, hockey or basketball. Cycling, running and swimming are also popular pastimes.
Belgium is one of the co-founders of the European Union and the headquarters of the European Union Commission are based in Brussels. Read more about the EU on our EU Facts page here.
Belgium's main trading partners are France, Germany, the Netherlands, the UK and the USA.
The main export products of Belgium are chemicals, machinery and finished diamonds.
Did you know that Antwerp is the 'diamond capital of the world'? Belgium is the world's biggest importer of rough diamonds. About 84% of the world's most precious gems are cut and polished in Antwerp diamond factories. Over 1,200 diamond cutters work in Antwerp.
The Belgian cuisine is famous for waffles, chocolate pralines and beer as well as moules frites, which means mussels with french fries.
Here some typical Belgian food:
Belgium is also known for the many varieties of beer. The world's largest brewery is Belgian company Anheuser-Busch. This beer- and soft drinks-company is based in Leuven near Brussels.
Picture Credits on Belgium Facts: All Pictures, own and if not otherwise mentioned from sxc.hu and shutterstock.com
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