Spain Facts for Kids

Interesting Facts for Kids

Here are some interesting Spain Facts which were chosen and researched by kids especially for kids.

  • Population: 48 million people live in Spain (2018)
  • Capital: Madrid, with 3.3 million inhabitants, is Spain's biggest city.
  • Name: Reino de España (Kingdom of Spain), short form: España
  • Government: Parliamentary Monarchy 
  • Languages: Castilian Spanish 74%, Catalan 17%, Galician, Basque
  • Literacy: More than 98% can read and write.
  • Religion: mainly Christians (Roman Catholics 94%)
  • Currency: 1 Euro=100 cents, before 2001 Spanish peseta 
  • National Symbol: The pillars of Hercules, short-toed eagle (national bird), red carnation (national flower). The official Spanish anthem is one of only four anthems in the world without lyrics. 
  • History: From 711 to 1492 Islamic Moors ruled in Spain. In 1492 Christopher Columbus discovers America and the Spanish rulers start forming their empire. In the 16th century Spanish kings ruled over many European countries, Portugal, Netherlands, parts of France, Germany, Italy and Austria. The Spanish Civil War rages in Spain from 1936 to 1939 when dictator General Franco takes over the country. In 1975 Franco dies and Juan Carlos I becomes King of Spain. In 2014, his son Felipe followed him on the throne when Juan Carlos resigned due to old age.
  • National Day: 12 October (Fiesta Nacional de España)

Where is Spain? - Spain Map

Spain lies in Southern Europe, a flight to Madrid take roughly 2.5 hours from London/England, 7 hours from New York/USA

Spain borders the countries Portugal, Andorra, France, Gibraltar and also Morocco, as the two Spanish enclaves (territories) Ceuta and Melilla are located in Morocco.

Spain is the only European country which borders Africa. It is separated by Africa by the straits of Gibraltar and two of the cities belonging to Spain are inside Morocco.

Spain Facts: Geography

Spain borders the Mediterranean Sea in the South and East. In the North, the Pyrenees are forming a natural border with the tiny country Andorra and also with France. In the northwest lies the Atlantic Ocean and in the west is Portugal.

Spain Map by Daria I./Shutterstock.comSpain Map

The Spanish nation is divided in 17 'autonomous communities' which are regions where people have their own regional government. Castilian is spoken in all 17 regions, however, in Galicia also Galician, in the Basque Country also Basque and in Cataluña, Valencia and on the Balearic Islands also Catalan is spoken.

Here are some interesting facts about Spain's geography:

  • Longest river: Rio Ebro with 910km/566 miles
  • Largest lake: Mar Menor is also the largest salt lake in Europe
  • Highest mountain: El Teide on Tenerife (Canary Islands) with 3,718m/12,198 ft.
  • Largest island: Mallorca (which is part of the Balearic Islands)

Spain Facts: Animals in Spain

Iberian Lynx

The Mediterranean or Iberian lynx is almost extinct, there are only a few surviving mammals left in the south of Spain and Portugal. The lynx is the most endangered cat in the world.

Other protected animals are the Iberian wild boar, the Iberian fox, the Iberian wolves and the Cantabrian brown bear.

The short-toed eagle is Spain's national bird. The region of Andalusia is home to the Andalusian horses which are known for their speed and strength.

Spain Attractions for Kids

  • Madrid: The capital city and the royal palace 
Royal Palace in Madrid - used for state functions
  • Barcelona: Explore the amazing buildings by the artist and architect Gaudi. Barceloneta is the beach suburb of Barcelona. More than 500,000 visitors from all over the world visit this popular beach every summer. Barcelona is named among the best beach cities in the world.
Barceloneta Beach by Nito/Shutterstock.comPopular Barceloneta Beach in Barcelona
  • Valencia: Famous for the futuristic 'Museum of Sciences' complex. The old town is lovely to explore too!
Arts and Sciences Museum Complex in Valencia
  • The Pyrenees: Go hiking in the mountains between Spain and France
  • Santiago de Compostela: Famous for the pilgrimage 
  • Granada: Go back in time when visiting the historic Alhambra and view the colourful mosaics.
Alhambra in SpainAlhambra with the Sierra Nevada in the background

There are so many great places in Spain to visit, just to many to mention here. We will show you more places on a special page here soon.

Some Spain Facts about Spanish People

The Spanish people have their own royal family who lives in the royal place, the 'Zarzuela Palace', outside of Madrid. The Royal Palace, Palacio Real, in the city of Madrid is the place where official functions take place. On 19 June 2014, the son of former king Juan Carlos , Felipe VI, was crowned the new king of Spain. Juan Carlos retired due to old age. King Felipe VI, aged 46, and Queen Letizia have two daughters.

Many Spanish people are soccer fans. The top soccer clubs are: Real Madrid and FC Barcelona.

Spain is known for its flamenco dance. In Andalusia, in many towns and villages people dance the flamenco for special festivities. Some of the best flamenco dancers are said to be the Romani people ('gitanos' in Spanish). The gitanos arrived to Spain in the XV century and still conserve their own language and traditions. In the image you can see girls performing the flamenco at a fiesta in Seville.

Flamenco dancers

The Spanish are also known for their great festivals, such as the 'Tomatina' and the 'Running of the Bulls'. The 'Tomatina' festival in the small town of Buñol, to the west of Valencia, is the world's biggest food fight, as the people throw tomatoes at each other. The festival takes place every year in August, but the event only takes one hour, as the people throw tomatoes at each other. Another famous spanish festival takes place in the town of Pamplona in Northern Spain. The highlight of the festival is the 'Running of the Bulls'. Six bulls are chasing people who try to run away in front of the animals. Bullfights also are popular events in the arenas of several cities, but are banned in others.

The people of Tarragona gather every two years at the Castells Festival in October to build human towers. 

Tarragona Human Tower Competition - David Ortega BagliettoCompetition in Tarragona - by David Ortega Baglietto

The competition includes four teams of athletes from the city and in total more than 40 teams from all over Spain. Sometimes the human towers reach up to 11 metres! Read more here.

As summers get very hot in the Spanish cities of the inland, many Spaniards flock to the seaside during summer holidays or go tho the mountainous areas in the north of the country.

Spain Facts
Famous Spanish People

Among the most well known Spanish artists are:

  • Miguel de Cervantes - Spanish author of 'Don Quixote'
  • Manuel de Falla - Spanish composer
  • Joan Miró - Spanish sculptur and painter
  • Salvador Dalí - Spanish painter who created surrealist paintings such as this one with the clock faces slipping down.
Salvador Dali: famous paintingDalí painting 'The Persistence of Memory'
  • Antoni Gaudi - see many of his great works in Barcelona, especially in the fascinating Parc Guëll and the still unfinished Cathedral 'Sagrada Familia'. Read more here.
Mosaic Lizard by Antoni Gaudi - Park Guëll

More Spain Facts about Spanish Language

Spanish is spoken in Spain and in various South American countries, among them Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Columbia, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru and Venezuela. Lots of variations and dialects are spoken; the Castillian Spanish is recognised as 'typical' Spanish and is spoken across the country of Spain. Catalan is spoken in the region around Barcelona, Cataluña, and this language reads and sounds different to Spanish. Basque is spoken in the Basque Country in the north of Spain while Galician is spoken in Galicia, in Spain's northwest.

Palabras en Español -
Spanish Words

Here are some useful Spanish words:

  • Buenos días: Good day
  • ¡Hola!  Hello
  • ¿Qué tal?  How are you?
  • adiós: bye bye
  • gracias: thank you
  • Te quiero: I love you

The Spanish language uses inverted question marks and exclamation marks and letter which have symbols, accents, on them, such as the n with an accent called 'tilde' in: España

Spain Facts: Spanish Food

The Spanish main dishes contain: potatoes, rice, fish, meat, beans, chickpeas and fruit.

Here is some typical Spanish food:

Spain Food - Paella, typical Spanish dishPaella
  • Paella: A rice dish with seafood or meat such as rabbit, chicken and snails, popular especially in Valencia
  • Gazpacho: Vegetable soup or stew
  • Coca: A sweet bread 
  • Empanada: Stuffed bread or pie
  • Turrón: Nougat sweet cake made with honey and nuts
  • Jamón Serrano: Pork leg ham
  • Chorizo: Pork sausage
Spain Facts: Churros and Chocolate are not only kids' favourite dessertChurros
  • Chocolate con Churros: Hot and very thick chocolate drink with sweet fried pastry (as you can see on the right). A popular weekend breakfast in Madrid.

Read more about Spanish food here.

Resources for Spain Facts for Kids

Images on Spain Facts for Kids: shutterstock,, wikicommons and own images.

Thanks a lot to Leyre, Leo and Carla for helping with double-checking the content on this page. Your support is much appreciated:-)

And enjoy learning more great Spain Facts soon!

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