Here are some interesting Spain Facts which were chosen and researched by kids especially for kids.
Spain is a country in southwestern Europe on the Iberian peninsula.
Spain borders the countries Portugal, Andorra, France and the UK with Gibraltar, which is a British Overseas Territory. The longest border is shared with Portugal.
Spain also shares borders with Morocco, as the two Spanish enclaves Ceuta and Melilla are located within Morocco.
Spain is separated from the African continent by the Straits of Gibraltar. This passage connects the Atlantic Ocean with the Mediterranean Sea. Gibraltar is a British overseas territories and thus belongs to the UK.
The narrowest point of the Straits of Gibraltar between the two continents Europe and Africa is 14.3 km/ 8.9 miles wide.
The Spanish nation is divided in 17 autonomous communities which are regions where people have their own regional government.
Spain is slightly larger than twice the size of the United Kingdom and about twice the size of the state of Oregon in the USA.
A flight to Madrid/ Spain takes about 2.5 hours from London/ England and 7 hours from New York/ USA.
Spain borders the Mediterranean Sea in the South and East and the Atlantic Ocean in the Northwest.
Spain is the fourth largest country in Europe after Russia, Ukraine and France.
In the North, the Pyrenees mountain ranges form a natural border with the tiny country of Andorra and with France. To the west of Spain is Portugal.
The three largest cities in Spain are Madrid, Barcelona and Valencia.
Madrid is the capital city of Spain and the second largest city of the European Union countries - after Berlin in Germany.
Other popular tourist destinations are Malaga in Andalusia and Santiago de Compostela in Galicia as this town is the endpoint of the famous Camino pilgrimage trail.
Spain not only occupies land area on the European mainland. The Balearic islands Formentera, Ibiza, Menora and Mallorca in the Mediterranean Sea belong to Spain as well as the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean.
The climate in Spain varies considerably between the different regions. In the northern mountainous regions the climate is alpine and the interior experiences a hot and arid climate, still most of the country appreciates a temperate and mild climate.
The climate in the southwestern parts is semi-arid while the northwestern parts experiences an oceanic climate. On the Canary islands the climate is subtropical and semi-arid.
Here are some more interesting facts regarding the islands of Spain:
The Balearic Islands lie roughly 80 km/ 50 miles of Spain's easter coastline in the Mediterranean Sea. The four islands belonging to the Islas Baleares (Balearic Islands) are:
The Canary Islands lie roughly 100 km/ 62 miles off the African continent's coastline or to the west of Morocco. The islands were formed by volcanic eruptions of the Canary hotspot.
The seven largest islands belonging to the Islas Canares (Canary Islands) are:
There are several other much smaller islands. More than 2 million people live on the Canary Islands.
10. Southernmost point of Spain and the European mainland: Punta de Tarifa
The beach is close to the city centre and the Barceloneta suburb is the most popular beach suburb of Barcelona. More than 500,000 visitors from all over the world visit this popular beach every summer. Did you know that Barcelona is ranked as one the best beach cities in the world?
Most of the people in Spain live along the coastlines of the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. Significant cities in the interior are the capital city Madrid and the cities Zaragoza and Sevilla. About 80% of the Spaniards live in urban areas.
Spain has her own royal family who lives in the royal place, the 'Zarzuela Palace', outside of Madrid. Felipe VI is the King of Spain since 2014. King Felipe VI and Queen Letizia have two daughters.
The Royal Palace, Palacio Real, in the city of Madrid is the place where official functions take place.
Many Spanish people are soccer fans. The top soccer clubs are: Real Madrid and Barça (FC Barcelona).
Spain is known for its flamenco dance. In Andalusia, in many towns and villages people dance the flamenco for special festivities. Some of the best flamenco dancers are said to be the Romani people ('gitanos' in Spanish). The gitanos arrived to Spain in the 15th century and still conserve their own language and traditions. In the image you can see girls performing the flamenco at a fiesta (festival) in Seville.
Spain is also known for many festivals, such as the 'Tomatina' and the 'Running of the Bulls', that attract thousands of participants and visitors.
The competition includes four teams of athletes from the city and in total more than 40 teams from all over Spain. Sometimes the human towers reach up to 11 metres! Read more here.
As summers get very hot in the Spanish cities of the inland, many Spaniards flock to the seaside during summer holidays or visit the mountainous villages in the north of the country.
Among the most well known Spanish artists are:
Spanish is the world's second-most spoken native language. Spanish is spoken in Spain and in the South American countries, among them Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Columbia, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru and Venezuela.
Which language is spoken in Spain? Castilian Spanish is spoken in all 17 regions, but other languages and dialects are spoken in various regions of the country:
Here are some useful Spanish words:
The Spanish language uses inverted question marks and exclamation marks and letters that use symbols on them, such as the ñ that has an accent called 'tilde' and is used in words such as España
In Spain you easily encounter mules and merino sheep especially in the highlands and in many place you will see are lizards and geckos.
The Mediterranean or Iberian lynx, however, is almost extinct. The lynx is the most endangered cat in the world. There are only a few surviving mammals left in the South of Spain and Portugal.
Other protected animals are the Iberian wild boar, the Iberian fox, the Iberian wolves and the Cantabrian brown bear.
The short-toed eagle is Spain's national bird.
The region of Andalusia is home to the Andalusian horses which are known for their speed and strength.
The main dishes in Spain usually contain potatoes, rice, fish, meat, beans, chickpeas and a large variety of fruits and vegetables. Olive oil is one of the main ingredients in the Spanish cuisine. Garlic, paprika (called pimentón) and bread are used in most savoury dishes.
Here are some typical Spanish dishes:
Did you know, that Spain is the world's top olive oil producer?
Spain produced a whopping 1.8 million tons of olive oil in 2018 and about 1.2 million tons in 2020. The main region for olive oil production is Andalusia. Spain is said to have the most olive trees in the world.
Machinery, clothing, cars and petroleum products are the main export products of Spain. Citrus fruit peel, nuts and melons are among the top agricultural products as well.
France, Germany and Italy are the main trading partners of Spain.
Images on Spain Facts for Kids: shutterstock, sxc.hu, wikicommons and own images.
Thanks a lot to Leyre, Leo and Carla for adding and checking content on this page.
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