Here are some interesting Turkey Facts which were chosen and researched by kids especially for kids.
• Turkey lies in the Eastern Mediterranean region, which is a region to the east of the Mediterranean Sea.
Turkey is located between the European and Asian continents and thus called a transcontinental country. Only 3% of the land area lie in Europe, 97% of the country lie on the Asian continent.
Turkey is slightly larger than the land area of Texas/ USA or than the land area of Chile. Turkey is about same the size as the UK and France combined.
A flight to Ankara takes roughly 4.5 hours from London/England or 14 hours from New York/USA.
Turkey is the largest and most populous country of the Eastern Mediterranean countries. Turkey borders eight countries: Greece, Bulgaria, Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iran, Irak and Syria.
Often Turkey is named among the countries of the Middle East.
The Bosporus strait separates Turkey into an Eastern part (Asian continent) and a Western part (European continent).
Turkey is bordering water bodies on three sides of the country: the Black Sea to the North, the Sea of Marmara to the Northwest and the Mediterranean Sea and the Aegean Sea to the West and South.
The capital city is Ankara but Istanbul is the largest city of the country and also the financial and economic hub of the region. Istanbul is located at the Bosporus strait which divides the city into Asian and European parts.
1. Longest river: The 'Red River' (Kizirlimak) with 1355 km/ 842 miles is the longest river that is entirely in Turkey. However, the Euphrates River is the longest river of the region that passes through Turkey.
2. Largest dam of Turkey: Ataturk Dam which is 169 m/ 554 ft high
3. Largest region of the seven regions in Turkey: Eastern Anatolia covers over 20% of the country, this is the mountainous and rugged part in Eastern Turkey, there also the highest mountains are located.
4. Longest border: Turkey's longest border is shared with Syria over 900 km/ 565 miles
5. Highest mountain of Turkey: Mount Ararat with 5,137 m/ 16,854 ft. is located in Eastern Anatolia.
6. Largest natural lake in Turkey: Lake Van, a saline mountain lake, is also the deepest lake in Turkey.
7. Largest cities in Turkey: Istanbul with almost 17 million inhabitants, Ankara with 5 million and Izmir with 3 million inhabitants
8. Longest coastline: along the Aegan Sea. The total coastline is longer than that of India!
9. Largest population: over 25 million people live in the Marmara Region. The Marmara region is the smallest of the seven regions, but most people live here. The largest region is the least populated region Eastern Anatolia.
10. Largest city: Istanbul
More than 80 million people live in Turkey. About one fifth of the Turkish people live in and around the country's biggest city Istanbul.
Most people in Turkey live along the Bosporus strait and the Mediterranean coastline.
The vast majority of people are Turks, while the Kurdish population makes up to around 20% of the population. The Kurds are the largest minority group in Turkey.
Turkish is one Turkic languages with about 80 million native speakers. Turkish is the official language in Turkey as well as one of the national languages of Cyprus.
In Turkey we still can find a variety of wild cats, boar, foxes, caracals and grey wolves. There are Eurasian lynxes and brown bears as well, but only very few Anatolian leopards left.
Unique endemic water mammals include Mediterranean monk seals and the caretta caretta sea turtles.
Turkey is one of the 20 largest economies in the world. One of the ten leading producers of agricultural products, Turkey grows many vegetables, hazelnuts, tobacco, grapes, apricots and figs.
Among the main export products are: cars, trucks and automobile parts, refined petroleum, clothing and jewellery.
Germany, China, UK, UAE and the USA are the main trading partners of Turkey.
The Turkish cuisine is mainly a mix of Mediterranean dishes, Middle Eastern and Eastern Balkan dishes. Olive oil, onions, garlic, lamb and seafood and fresh fruits and vegetables as well as spices such as allspice, anise or cinnamon are predominantly used in the Turkish cuisine.
Fresh fruits and vegetables are plentiful in the country. Grapes, raisins and figs are among the most common fruits while nuts such as hazelnuts, pistachios and almonds are used in many dishes too. Yoghurt is also used widely.
Here are some typical Turkish dishes:
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