Here are some interesting Panama Facts which were chosen and researched by kids especially for kids.
Panama lies in the centre of the Americas and on the two American continents. The Panama canal splits the country in a western or North American part and an eastern or South American part.
Panama shares borders with two countries: Costa Rica on the North American continent and Colombia on the South American continent. Panama's capital city is called Panama City.
Panama is located close to the equator which is only about 1,000 km/ 620 miles away. This is a narrow country and at the widest point only 177 km/ 110 miles wide. The country has the shape of an "S lying down"
Panama is roughly the size of the Czech Republic or about the size of South Carolina/USA. A flight from London/UK to Panama City takes roughly 12.5 hours and from New York/USA a flight takes 5 hours.
Panama has a tropical climate with little variation in the seasons.
1. Panama is generally regarded as the southernmost country of the North American continent.
2. Panama is the most urbanised country in Central America. About 68% of the population lives in urban areas.
3. The country is one of the countries that has coastlines on two oceans: Caribbean Sea is to the north of the country and the Pacific Ocean is to the South of the country.
4. The highest point of Panama is the Volcan Baru with 3,475 m/ 11,401 ft.
5. The Panama Canal has been build in 1881. The artificial waterway linking the Caribbean Sea with the Pacific Ocean is 77 km/ 48 miles long.
6. The Atlantic Bridge over the Panama Canal is the world's longest concrete four-lane bridge and one of three bridges over the artificial waterway linking the North and the South American continent.
7. Panama became a land bridge roughly 2.8 million years ago. Panama's mountainous spine stretching across the country is called the Central Divide. These hills and mountains are a remainder of an now eroded arch that once existed there.
8. Panama is ranking second in the world in number of ships carrying goods and operating under than Panamanian flag - after Indonesia. The Merchant Marine fleet of Panama is more than double the size of that of the USA.
9. The world's longest road, the Pan-American Highway, is interrupted in Panama by the Darien Gap which is dense jungle and rainforest at the border to Colombia.
10. The biodiversity in Panama is about three times higher than that of the US, Canada and Europe combined. Tree cover and forests, however, have been reduced by over 50% in the last century.
Panama is rich in natural resources such as copper and iron as well as mahogany timber. Other important export products from Panama include fruits and nuts, and fish products.
The USA and China are the biggest trading partners of Panama.
The US dollar is legal tender in Panama, which means you can pay your goods in US dollar. Panama's official currency is the Balboa, with is fixed and on par with the US Dollar.
Panama is one of the most urbanised countries in the Americas. The Panamanians mainly speak Spanish which is the official language of Panama, but there are various indigenous languages spoken as well. English is taught in public schools and many people are bilingual in Panama.
Most Panamanians live in the capital city and other urban areas. Panama City is the country's largest city and houses about half of the population of the country.
Beans, rice, plantains and fresh fruits and vegetables are the staple diet of the Panamanians. Green leafy vegetables are not as easily available in Panama, but there is an abundance of tropical fruits and vegetables such as corn, yuka and plantains. Yuca, also called cassava or manioc in other parts of the world, is a starchy root vegetable. Chicken and fish or seafood is widely available and part of many popular dishes.
Typical Panamanian food and drinks include:
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