Here are some interesting Bhutan Facts which were chosen and researched by kids especially for kids.
Bhutan is located on the Asian continent and a landlocked country in the Himalayan mountains.
Bhutan borders only two countries: India and China. The capital city is called Thimphu and is located in the country's east.
This Southern Asian country is twice the size of Maryland/USA and Bhutan is about as big as Switzerland.
Bhutan is a small mountain kingdom in Southern Asia. It is nestled between India and China and is a landlocked country. Mountains and valleys dominate the landscape of Bhutan.
The mountainous country has huge variation in the climate zones ranging from subtropic climate in the south to a polar climate in the north, where there is snow all year round.
Bhutan is sparsely populated and most of the people in Bhutan live in rural areas. Bhutan is one of the least developed countries in the world.
Bhutan is one of the least developed and poor countries in the world, however, Bhutan is often referred to as the happiest country in the world. Well, is this so?
Bhutan's government includes a Ministry of Happiness. Wellbeing and happiness of the Bhutanese citizen are said to be amongst the main aims of the Bhutanese government. Regular surveys are conducted in Bhutan to measure the happiness of the people.
However, especially young people, do not want to live anymore only according to traditions, but also embrace the modern lifestyle. And youth unemployment is high in Bhutan. About 13% of all young people are without work.
Archery is considered the national sport of Bhutan. Archery, basketball and cricket are the most popular sports in Bhutan.
The Bhutanese take part in the Summer Olympics with a national archery team. Bhutan has never participated in any winter sports events in any of the Winter Olympics games.
Buddhism is the official religion of Bhutan. More than 75% of the people practise this religion.
The Bhutanese language is called Dzongkha.
The term Dzongkha means 'language of the palace', as it combines the words 'palace' dzong and 'language' kha. The Bhutanese language belongs to the Sino-Tibetan language family. There are 19 different languages and dialects spoken by the Bhutanese people. Dzongkha is learnt in all schools and the official language since 1971.
The Bhutanese writing uses the Tibetan Alphabet. The alphabet consists of 35 basic letters, including five vowels and 30 consonants.
Many people speak English and most street signs are written in English and the national language Dzongkha. Children learn English in school where English is the language of instruction.
The traditional diet in Bhutan includes rice, vegetables and dairy products as well as meats such as chicken, pork and beef.
You should know that Bhutanese dishes can be very spicy, as many dishes include green or red chilies. Sweet milk tea is very popular.
Here are some typical Bhutanese dishes:
The national animal of Bhutan is the takin.
The takin is also referred to as gnu goat. Takin have short legs, a long nose, horns and a brown shaggy coat.
Bhutan is also home to antelopes, snow leopards, blue sheep and red pandas.
Elephants, water buffalos and deer can be spotted in the tropical forests in the country's south, while wild pigs, musk deer and marmots are common in the higher lying areas.
Bhutan is a small country in the Himalayas, but controls several mountain passes to India and China.
As the landscape is dominated by mountains, glaciers, valleys and rivers, only about 2% of the country can be used for agriculture.
The main agricultural products of Bhutan are rice, root vegetables or fruits and spices such as cardamon. Although only less than one fifth of the country's income stems from agriculture more than half of the population work in the agricultural sector.
The most important agricultural product grown in Bhutan is rice.
The main export and import partner is India. Hydropower is the main source of income.
Other trade partners are Bangladesh, Italy, Nepal and Japan. Cement, electricity and mineral resources such as gypsum, dolomite or calcium carbide are the main export goods.
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