France Facts

Interesting Facts for Kids

France Facts for KidsFrance Facts: French Alps, Arc de Triomphe, Provence

Here are some interesting France Facts which were chosen and researched by kids especially for kids.

  • Population: 67 million people live in the country (2020)
  • Capital: Paris, with 2.2 million inhabitants
  • Name: République Française (French Republic)
  • Motto: 'Liberté, Egalité, Fraternité' (Liberty, Equality, Fraternity)
  • Government: Democracy
  • Language: French
  • Religion: mainly Christians (Roman Catholics 64%)
  • Currency: 1 Euro = 100 cents, until 2002 French Franc
  • History: In 700 - 500 BC the Celtic Gauls arrive in France. In 58 - 50 BC Roman Emperor Julius Caesar defeats the Gauls and France becomes part of the Roman Empire until 476 AD. French was ruled by kings for many centuries until the storming of the Bastille during the French Revolution in 1789. Then Napoleon becomes Emperor of the French Republic until he is sent to exile.

France Map and Geography

France MapMap of France

• France is situated in Western Europe, 1 hr flight from London/England, 5.5 hrs from New York/USA. On the France outline you will see the little island of Corsica, which belongs to France, also in the French flag colors.

The western-european country shares borders with Belgium to the North East, Germany and Luxemburg in the East as well as with Switzerland, Italy to the South East. The Pyrenées, a mountain range to the South of France, form a natural border between Spain and France. The highest mountain in France is the Mont Blanc, that is 4,810 m/ 15,780 ft high and stands at the border between France and Italy.

Mainland France is divided into 27 regions and these into 101 departments. The Mediterranean island of Corsica belongs to France too as you can see in the outline above. Of the 101 departments there are also 5 ROM ('régions d’outre mer' or overseas regions) also belonging to France: French Guyana in South America, Guadeloupe and Martinique in the Caribbean, La Reunion and Mayotte in Africa in the Indian Ocean.

France Facts:
Tourist Attractions in France

Louvre Paris by Sarita at SXC.huLouvre
  • Paris: Eiffel Tower, Notre Dame, Louvre (which you can see in the image to the right), Montmartre, Arc de Triomphe, the river Seine and many other great attractions
  • Versailles: castle near Paris, once home of the French kings
  • Lascaux Caves: for 17,000 years old rock paintings
Mont St Michel
  • Côte d’Azur for turquoise blue sea and great beaches
  • Corsica: island in the Mediterranean sea, known for being the birth place of Napoleon
  • French Alps: great for hiking, skiing and snowboarding
  • Mont St. Michel: island in northern France which can be reached on foot during low tide
  • Provence: region with lavender fields and old historic towns like Avignon

There are so many exciting places and landmarks, gorgeous beaches, historic cities and villages, ancient ruins and majestic castles to visit. Start with these France Attractions everybody should know about:

Interesting French Language Facts

French is the official language in France and it is also the second major language in Europe.

French is one of the Romance languages. These languages, including also Italian and Spanish, have their origins in the Latin language. Today, French is the second most studied language after English and spoken by more than 300 million people around the world as first or second language.

Try these five useful expressions in French:

  • bonjour - good day
  • salut - hello
  • merci - thank you
  • je m'appelle... - my name is....
  • bon appétit! - enjoy your meal!

And here is the French Alphabet. Enjoy!

French alphabet with animals

France Facts:
Famous French People

Eiffel Tower by Gustave Eiffel

Gustave Eiffel (1832-1923), a French engineer who designed the famous Eiffel tower in Paris. The Eiffel tower is named after him. He also worked together with Auguste Bartholdi, designer of the Statue of Liberty in New York. 

France is famous for the 'beaux-arts' (fine arts). The city was and is still home for many artists and great painters, artisans and sculptors.

Famous French painters are:

Sculpture by Auguste Rodin
  • Claude Monet
  • Pierre-Auguste Renoir
  • Edgar Degas
  • Paul Cezanne

and Auguste Rodin is certainly one of the most famous French sculptors.

French composers which are very famous are: Maurice Ravel (Bolero) and Georges Bizet (Carmen). Children all around the world love French literature, like the famous “The Three Musketeers” by Alexandre Dumas and “The Little Prince” by Antoine de Saint-Exupery.

French political leader Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821) was born on Corsica. He reformed the French laws. He declared himself Emperor of the French in 1804. Napoleon’s army was defeated by the British in the Battle of Waterloo (now in Belgium) in 1815. He was exiled to the island St. Helena in the Mediterranean Sea where he died in 1821.

The current president of France is Emmanuel Macron who became the youngest president in the history of France, with 39 years of age.

France Facts: French Food

The French main dishes contain: fresh vegetables, meat and cheeses. French cuisine is well known for its freshness and high quality dishes. The French people enjoy their main meal in the evening and this meal often consists of three courses starting with a 'hors d’oeuvre', a starter dish which often is soup or a salad and bread, then the main course and afterwards some cheese or fruit.

The bread you will buy in France in a typical French "boulangerie" (bakery) is mostly white wheat bread or bread sticks, called "baguette".

Make sure to read our separate article on 'Food in France', but let's quickly tell you some typical French food:

  • Baguette: long bread stick
  • Croque Monsieur/Croque Madame: ham and cheese grilled sandwich while Croque Madame is the more heavy version with ham, cheese and a fried egg on top
  • Escargots: snails
  • Foie Gras: goose liver pate
  • Ratatouille: vegetable stew
  • Pain au chocolat: similar to a croissant filled with chocolate
  • Crepes: very thin pancakes with filling

Click here to read more about 10 Typical French Dishes:

Food in France

Try to visit a patisserie for the wonderful sweet like cakes like the petit fours or pain au chocolat. Not to forget to eat some pancakes in the many creperies. In Paris, you will find the oldest café or coffee shop in the world which was opened in 1694. It is called 'Le Procope'.

Here is a good picture of a typical boulangerie (bakery) in Paris. You can see the white church of Sacre Coeur in Montmartre in the background.

Boulangerie - French BakerA French Bakery

Did you know…?

…the Tour de France, which is the world’s most famous cycle race, was started already in 1903. The winning bike rider gets to wear a yellow shirt to show that he is the leader of the race.

Read more interesting facts on France and Europe here.

Picture Credits on France Facts: All Pictures, own and if not otherwise mentioned from and

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