Here are some interesting France Facts which were chosen and researched by kids especially for kids.
France is the largest country in Western Europe. The capital city of France is Paris.
On the map you can see France and the French island Corsica in the Mediterranean Sea.
France shares land borders with eight countries. The bordering countries of France are Belgium, Germany, Luxembourg, Switzerland, Italy, Monaco, Andorra and Spain. The longest border is shared with Spain and the shortest with Monaco.
Continental France is slightly smaller than the state of Texas in the USA.
It takes a one-hour-flight from London/England to reach Paris via airplane and a flight from Paris to New York/USA takes about 5.5 hours.
France is known for its stunning landmarks and attractions such as the Eiffel Tower, the Arc de Triomphe, Sacre Coeur Cathedral or the Loire castles. France is a country also known for its 'haute couture' designers and fashion houses such as Dior, Chanel and Yves Saint Laurent, and the French car manufacturers Renault, Peugeot and Citroën.
France is generally a flat country with coastal plains and rolling hills in the north and west and high mountains in the south and south eastern parts.
Mainland France, also referred to as Metropolitan France, is divided into 27 regions and these into 101 departments. Of the 101 departments there are also 5 ROM ('régions d’outre mer' meaning overseas regions) that belong to France.
The 5 overseas departments of France are:
There are so many more exciting places and landmarks, gorgeous beaches, historic cities and villages, ancient ruins and majestic castles to visit. Among these are:
And here are 10 Attractions in France everybody should know about:
French is the official language in France and it is also the second major language in Europe.
French is one of the Romance languages. The Romance languages, which include Italian and Spanish, have their origins in the Latin language. Today, French is the second most studied language after English and spoken by more than 300 million people around the world as first or second language.
Try these five useful expressions in French:
And here is the French Alphabet. Enjoy!
Most of the French people in Metropolitan France (on the European continent) live in cities and urban areas. The three largest cities is France are:
Lille, Toulouse and Bordeaux each have about 1 million inhabitants.
About 10% of the French people are unemployed and roughly 15% of the population live below the poverty line.
French has made a lot of the world’s renowned inventions like the creation of the vaccinations and the pasteurization process by Louis Pasteur, the first hair dryer, the hot air balloon and many other useful things. Now, they are building the first prototype of nuclear fusion reactor in France, called ITER (International Thermo-nuclear Engine Reactor) with the collaboration of 35 other countries.
France is famous for the 'beaux-arts' (fine arts). The city was and is still home for many artists and great painters, artisans and sculptors.
Gustave Eiffel (1832-1923), a French engineer who designed the famous Eiffel tower in Paris. The Eiffel tower is named after him. He also worked together with Auguste Bartholdi, designer of the Statue of Liberty in New York.
Famous French painters are:
and Auguste Rodin is certainly one of the most famous French sculptors.
Among the most famous French composers are Maurice Ravel (composer of 'Bolero') and Georges Bizet (composer of the opera 'Carmen'). Children all around the world love French literature, like the famous “The Three Musketeers” by Alexandre Dumas and “The Little Prince” by Antoine de Saint-Exupery.
French political leader Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821) was born on Corsica. He reformed the French laws. He declared himself Emperor of the French in 1804. Napoleon’s army was defeated by the British in the Battle of Waterloo (now in Belgium) in 1815. Napoleon was exiled to the island St. Helena in the South Atlantic where he died in 1821.
The current president of France is Emmanuel Macron who in 2017 became the youngest president in the history of France, with 39 years of age. Now President Macron is 45 years old.
The French main dishes contain: fresh vegetables, meat and cheeses. French cuisine is well known for its freshness and high quality dishes. The French people enjoy their main meal in the evening and this meal often consists of three courses starting with a 'hors d’oeuvre', a starter dish which often is soup or a salad and bread, then the main course and afterwards some cheese or fruit.
The bread you will buy in France in a typical French boulangerie (bakery) is mostly white wheat bread or bread sticks, called baguette.
Make sure to read our separate article on 'Food in France', but let's quickly tell you some typical French food:
Try to visit a patisserie for the wonderful sweet like cakes like the petit fours or pain au chocolat. Not to forget to eat some pancakes in the many creperies. In Paris, you will find the oldest café or coffee shop in the world which was opened in 1694. It is called 'Le Procope'.
Here is a good picture of a typical boulangerie (bakery) in Paris. You can see the white church of Sacre Coeur in Montmartre in the background.
More France Facts: And here is another unique fact about the French cuisine: Every meal has an "order", thus we begin with the starter followed by a main course, then it's cheese with bread and only after all that, the dessert.
…the Tour de France, which is the world’s most famous cycle race, was first held in 1903. The participants of the next tour de France which takes place from 1 - 23 July 2023 will ride their bikes over 3,404 km/ 2,115 miles from Bilbao/ Spain to Paris.
The winning bike rider gets to wear a yellow shirt to show that he is the leader of the race. In 2020, the winner of the Tour de France was 21-year old Tadej Pogačar from Slovenia. He is the second youngest champion of this prestigious cycle race!
Many Thanks go to Estelle Lin of EAC School of Languages, and for this article special thanks to the students Augustin Bailly, Julien Thoumy and Anais Erman for their fabulous insights and unique France facts.
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Picture Credits on France Facts: All Pictures, own and if not otherwise mentioned from sxc.hu and shutterstock.com