Poland Facts for Kids

Interesting Facts for Kids

Here are some interesting Poland Facts which were chosen and researched by kids especially for kids.

Poland Facts

Flag of PolandPoland flag
  • Population: 38 million people live in Poland (2021)
  • Capital: Warsaw, with 1.7 million inhabitants.
  • Name: Republic of Poland
  • Government: democracy, republic
  • Official Language: Polish
  • Literacy: More than 99% can read and write.
  • Religion: mainly Christians (Roman Catholics 92%)
  • Currency: 1 Polish złoty = 100 groszy
  • National Symbols: National flag, coat of arms, anthem and the white eagle (national animal), red and white (colours). 
  • National anthemMazurek Dąbrowskiego (Poland is not yet lost)
  • National Day: 11 November 

Where is Poland? - Poland Map

Poland is located in Central Europe and borders the Baltic Sea.

The country borders seven countries: Germany, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Ukraine, Belarus, Lithuania and Russia (enclave of Kaliningrad). The longest border is shared with the Czech Republic.

Physical Map of PolandPoland map

Poland is the fifth most populous member state of the European Union. Read here our EU facts.

Poland is slightly smaller than the size of the state of New Mexico/ USA. Poland is slightly larger in land area than Oman.

A flight to Warsaw takes roughly 3 hours from London/England or 10 hours from New York/USA.

Poland Facts | Geography

Poland borders six countries to the east, south and west and the Russian enclave Kaliningrad and the Baltic Sea of the Atlantic Ocean to the north.  

One island in the Baltic Sea belongs completely to Poland, the island is called Wolin. The land area of Usedom island is shared with Germany. Only the eastern part of the island Usedom belongs to Poland.

Wolin in Poland - image by Maciej Matlak / Shutterstock.comWolin - Polish island in the Baltic Sea

Most of Poland's countryside is flat and there are only low rolling hills. Only in the southern part there are high mountains, the Tatras. There over 70 mountains in Poland that are higher than 2,000 m/ 6,600 ft.

The climate in Poland is largely temperate with 4 seasons. Winter can be quite cold, especially in the northern part of the country. 

Poland Facts | 10 Poland Geo Superlatives

1. Longest river: Vistula with 1,047 km/ 651 miles

2. Highest mountain range in Poland: The Tatras

3. Highest mountain of Poland: Mount Rysy with 2,501 m/ 8,205 ft. 

4. Largest island: Wolin 

5. Largest city: Warsaw with 1.7 million inhabitants

Skyline and Palace of Culture in Warsaw -image by Patryk KosmiderPalace of Culture in Warsaw

6. Largest lake in Poland: Śniardwy in Masuria

7. Westernmost point of Poland: Oder River near Osinow Dolny bordering Germany.

8. Largest cities in Poland: Warsaw, Krakow and Lodz 

9. Coastline of Poland: 770 km or 478 miles along the Baltic Sea

10. Largest forest: Lower Silesian Forest

Poland Landmarks
Attractions for Kids

Family holiday in Poland - which part to visit?

The climate in Poland is largely temperate with 4 seasons: spring, summer, autumn and winter. The climate in the northern part of the country is marine which means that it rains a lot and the days are much colder even in summer. Things to pack: a raincoat, an umbrella and wellies. 

If you prefer the mountains, then go to the south of Poland and visit the Tatra Mountains or the Carpatian Mountains. The views are so amazing that it is a good thing to take your camera with you. Comfortable hiking shoes will be also a real asset. 

Hiking in the Tatra mountains in PolandHiking in the Tatra mountains in Poland

If you plan to go to the mountains in winter to see the snow, you won’t be disappointed. There are some years that the mountains are the only place in Poland to see this white miracle.

If you are crazy about the countryside with lots of greenery and wildlife or you plan to escape the buzz of the cities, you should go to the east of Poland and discover our backwoods. If you are lucky enough, you can meet wolves or bisons which are one of the most impressive animals in the country. Equipment advice: binoculars.

If you can’t live without sailing and mosquitos, you shouldn’t go anywhere but the Lake District called Mazuria. There are many wonderful lakes there and we are sure that you will return home with unforgettable memories. Don’t forget to take a repellent with you.

Poland Facts
Famous Polish People

Among the most well known Polish people are:

  • Marie Curie ((1867-1934): scientist and first woman Nobel prize winner
  • Nicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543): mathematician and scientist, was the first to recognise that the sun is the centre of our solar system
  • Frederic Chopin (1810-1849): pianist and composer

Check out our special page about Famous Polish people here.

Famous Polish people

Poland Facts | Polish Language

In Poland people speak Polish, however, there are also some indigenous dialects spoken such as Silesian or Kashubian.

Poland Facts |Animals in Poland

In Poland there are over 100 different species of mammals. Among these are storks and roe deer, foxes, wolves and rabbits. 

In Poland, you will also find Europe's largest population of European bison.

European Bison in PolandBison

Poland has large forested areas and the Bialowieza National Park is one of the last primeval forests in Europe. A primeval forest is a forest which exists over centuries and has large very old trees, both still living trees and dead logs. 

Poland Economy

Potatofield in PolandLarge Potatofield in Poland

Poland is Europe's largest producer and exporter of potatoes and rye as well as a main producer of sugar beets, barley and oats. 

Poland Facts | Poland Food

Here are some typical Polish dishes:

  • Faworki: also known as Angel Wings are delicious sweet pastry ribbons
  • Pierogi: half-moon shaped dumplings can be filled with a variety of sweet or savoury fillings
  • Gołabki: savoury cabbage rolls
faworkiFaworki or Angel Wings

Find more typical and traditional food of Poland on our special page here: Food in Poland

Food in poland by Kids World Travel Guide

Poland Facts for Kids | Resources

  • Central Intelligence Agency. "Poland". World Factbook. Last updated 27 February 2024. Last accessed 8 March 2024
  • Polish Tourism Organisation. "Unesco Sites". Poland Travel. Last accessed 8 March 2024

Images on Poland Facts for Kids: shutterstock, sxc.hu, wikicommons and own images.

Much of the content on this page was submitted by Justyna Kiedos from the English Language Studio in Opole/ Poland. The information on this page was collected by the students and teachers of the English Language Studio. Thanks so much for sharing all your insights on all these fantastic places to visit! We trust our readers will enjoy reading your favourite attractions for families visiting Poland. Great work!

Please continue to share your info and expand this Poland Facts for Kids section. Your support is much appreciated. Contact us here for any collaborations, additions or corrections.

Enjoy learning more great Poland Facts soon!

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