Earth Day is celebrated every year on the 22 of April for the last 47 years. In 1970, a US Senator from Wisconsin, created this national day to create awareness of the environment and how we treat nature. Today this day is celebrated as an international event in 193 countries.
All over the world, we have an affect on the environment through all our actions or even by simply living as we do. We use electricity and water, use of transport such as cars, busses and airplanes to go to school or work. Remember that also by eating the food we need for surviving we all affect our environment, as that food is planted and harvested, transported to a store near you by big trucks who also pollute the environment. The waste we produce and the way we dispose of our waste is creating many problems.
Even in the Mariana Trench in the Pacific Ocean, the deepest point on earth, scientists recently found plastic bags and beer cans! What a scary finding!
Reduce - Recycle - Reuse
This pollution needs to be limited and lowered as the earth is suffering, climate is affected with weather changes and also this affects all of us living on this planets. Humans, animals and plants suffer when our earth suffers.
The damage pollution does to our planet visible can be best seen with coral reefs. Colourful corals will die if the oceans they live in are too warm or polluted. They are dying as the oceans warm up due to pollution in the sky, and therefore the atmosphere traps more sunlight on earth and heats also the ocean water.
Little living organisms, plant-like algae, live in the coral reef (making the corals colourful) and they start to die when the water around them is too hot, and so they loose their colour and the corals die, they are 'bleached' as they turn white! This is called 'Coral Bleaching'. When corals are dead also the sea life will slowly die, as they will not find enough food and shelter for survival.
Climate change with tropical storms such as hurricanes, cyclones and typhoons all get their power from the warm ocean. So, the warmer the ocean, the stronger the storms are and the more often they happen!
In many places especially in Africa, these hot temperatures have caused drought - which means that there was much less rainfall in one season than is expected. This causes the harvest of many farmers to die, as the plants can’t survive with so little water! Many families depend on their harvest for money and food, which they need to buy or trade clothes and pay for a place to stay. This causes tensions among the people. In many regions people become malnourished - meaning that they don’t get enough food to survive. Many unfortunately die, and people even fight to get food, causing war!
More pollution causes higher temperatures. When temperatures get higher than normal, they cause more drought in already dry regions such as Africa and also cause the ice to melt in the Arctic and Antarctic. This causes increases in the ocean/sea level.
According to a study by the National Geographic magazine, the average American family causes over 525 square feet (almost 50 square meters) of ice to melt every year!
Earth Day is a significant day on our calendar as we want help to increase awareness about our planet and environment.
Earth Day was created build environmental and climate literacy all over the world, in around 193 countries! So go check out more info on Earth Day here.
There are so many things you can do to help us all make a difference and help the environment and the whole of the World! How about joining a march for science in your city today. There are events all over the world to celebrate our beautiful planet on earth day and show that science and research will help to make the world a better place and help keep our environments alive with different plant and animal species also for the next generations.