Geography Superlatives

Are you looking for the world's geography superlatives? Scroll down and take our geography quiz on the tallest, longest, largest ... check your knowledge of geographical facts! If you get stuck, we hope the images provided will help you with your answers.

geography superlatives

Now let's start with some really fun and easy continent facts and then move on to interesting facts about the world's countries and people. 

Take the quiz, scroll slowly down the page and read the hints under the images if you get stuck.

Which is the world's largest continent and which is the smallest?

Asia is the biggest continent. Did you know that Asia is more than four times as big as the USA?

Australia/Oceania is the smallest continent. Australia is actually smaller than the country of Brazil on the South American continent and is also only half as big as Russia, the largest country in the world!

Read more about the continents here.

20 Fun Geography Superlatives

Which continent has the world's highest mountains?

On the largest continent you will find the world's highest peaks

Asia. The Himalayan mountains are the highest mountains in the world, well of course we mean the highest mountains above sea level ;-)

Read our Asia Facts for more info here.

Which continent has the most countries? 

Africa includes 54 countries. Read our Africa Facts for more info here.

Which continent has the longest mountain range? 

Alpacas live on this continent

South America's Andes mountains are the longest mountain range in the world. It stretches over seven countries in South America! Read more about South America here. See a map of the Andes in South America below.

Andes mountain range in South America on map - shutterstock.comThe Andes mountain range

Which is the world's largest ocean? 

California/USA is bordering this ocean

The Pacific Ocean which is not only the largest, but also the deepest ocean. Read our Pacific Ocean Facts here.

Which is the planet's longest river? 

The river's delta is in Egypt

The Nile with 6,853km/4,258miles in length is the longest river. It flows northwards through 10 countries in Northeastern Africa and drains into the Mediterranean Sea in Egypt.

Where is the Earth's tallest Mountain?

This mountain's peak has been first reached by Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay in 1953 - today many climbers hike up to the base camp.

Mount Everest, the world's highest mountain, is located in Nepal in the Himalayas. It is 8,850 metres/29,035ft high.

Where is the lowest point on the earth's surface? 

Here the salt concentration of the water is so high, people can float easily on the lake

The lowest point on any continent is located at the Dead Sea which is a salt lake bordering Israel, Jordan and the West Bank. The shoreline or the surface of the Dead Sea lies 423 metres/1,388ft. below sea level.

Where are the world's highest waterfalls?

These waterfalls are in Southern America and are named after an US pilot who first flew over the falls in 1960

The Angel Falls in Venezuela are the highest waterfalls in the world with 979 metres/3,212ft in hight. They are named after Jimmie Angel, an US aviator.

Which is the world's deepest lake? 

The Lake is in a very remote part of Siberia

The world's deepest lake is Lake Baikal in Siberia/Russia with 1,642 metres/5,387ft. Here the ice is up to one metre thick in winter so an ice road leads over the surface. This drive is a popular tourist attraction in the area - but only for the brave!

What is the planet's biggest lake?

Baku at night by R Andrei/Shutterstock.comThe three Flame Towers in the city of Baku are located on this lake

Caspian Sea with an average depth of 211 metres/690ft. Borders with Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Iran and Azerbaijan.

Which country has the most islands?

The country's capital city Stockholm and the surrounding region is located on more than 14,000 islands.

Sweden - with more than 257,000 islands. Read this interesting article about islands here.

Which is the world's biggest archipelago?

The Indonesian islands are part of this archipelago

The Malay archipelago including Indonesia that claims 17,508 islands on their territory and the Philippines with more than 7,600 islands. 

What is the world's largest island?

The island is referred to as Kalaallit Nunaat

Greenland, which is almost four times smaller than the island of Australia. However, Australia is commonly considered as a continent and not as an island.

Which language is spoken by the most people?

The language's letters are called 'characters'

Mandarin Chinese is spoken by about one billion people. There is no alphabet but 'characters' (signs and symbols) The children learn to write Chinese at school and more than 4,000 of these have to be learnt by heart, practised and memorised.

Geo Quiz
Geography Superlatives

Now it's getting more tricky. Do you know these interesting geography superlatives or can you guess the right answer? If not, maybe the images can help you. Let's try:         

Which is the world's largest country? 

Saint Basil's Cathedral in the country's capital city Moscow

The world's largest country is Russia (17,075,400 sq km/6,592,846 sq miles). So it's no wonder Russia is also the country with the most land borders as the huge country borders 14 neighbouring countries.

Which is the highest capital city in the world?

La Paz, capital city of BoliviaThis city is the capital of Bolivia

La Paz is the highest city in the world. The capital city of Bolivia is located on a plateau in the Andes mountains at more than 3,640 metres/11,942ft. above sea level!

Which is the world's smallest country

Saint Peter's Basilica and home of the Pope

Geography Superlatives: The world's smallest country is Vatican City (0.44sq km/0.169sq miles). But it's not only the smallest country by size but also by population! Only around 800 people live in Vatican City. The state is ruled by the Pope.

Which is the country with the largest population?

image by Sean Pavone/Shutterstock.comThe people speak Mandarin there and the famous promenade is called 'Bund'.

Geography Superlatives: In China live more than 1.3 billion people. China is also home of the largest city in the world, Shanghai. More than 26 million people live and work in this city. 

Which is the most sparsely populated country in the world?

The oryx antelope lives in the deserts of this country

Namibia in Southern Africa. There only 3 people per sq km/8 people per sq mile!. Namibian people mainly live in Namibia's capital Windhoek and in small towns or on farms. Read our Namibia Facts here.

Which is the most densely populated country in the world? 

Many famous racing drivers and athletes live in this European country

Monaco is the country with the highest population density. More than 18,000 people live there per sq km/48,500 people per sq mile. Monaco is the second smallest country in the world and borders France and the Mediterrean Sea. It has one of the most famous car racing tracks in the world too!

Useful Resources for Geography Superlatives and more:

  • CIA World Fact Book: WORLD FACTBOOK
  • Encyclopedia Britannica, last accessed 4 September 2017
  • National Geographic: World Atlas for Young Explorers. Washington: 2010.
  • Earth Condensed. The World Atlas by Millennium House. 2009

Images on this Geography page:

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More on Geography 

Continents by Size

  1. Asia
  2. Africa
  3. North America
  4. South America
  5. Antarctica
  6. Europe
  7. Australia/Oceania

Continents by Population

  1. Asia
  2. Africa
  3. Europe
  4. North America
  5. South America
  6. Australia/Oceania
  7. Antarctica

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