Mexico Facts

Interesting Mexico Facts for Kids

Here are some interesting Mexico Facts which were chosen and researched by kids especially for kids.

  • Population: 123 million people live in Mexico (2016)
  • Capital: Mexico City with 19.3 million inhabitants is the country's biggest city
  • Name: United Mexican States (in Spanish: Estados Unidos Mexicanos)  
  • Government: Democracy, Republic
  • Language: Spanish
  • Literacy: More than 93.5% over the age of 15 years can read and write
  • Religion: Christians (Roman Catholics 89%)
  • History: Mexico was conquered and colonised by the Spanish from the 16th century
  • Currency: 1 Peso =100 centavos
  • Flag colors: green, white and red

Mexico Map and Geography

Mexico is located on the North American continent and shares borders with the USA in the north and Belize and Guatemala in the south. The border between Mexico and the USA is the second longest border in the world and is about 3,155km/2,000 miles long.

Below you can see a map of Mexico, click on the map to zoom in to see more cities and detailed information.

Mexico has mountains in the eastern and northern parts of the country, rainforests in the southern and eastern parts and deserts in the West. Most of the bigger cities are located in the southern parts of the country. There are low coastal plains, high-rugged mountains and a high tableau in the centre of the country. The climate varies from tropical climate to desert climate. Mexico has four time zones!

Mexico City, the country's capital city

Mexico is situated on the ‘Ring of Fire’, the world’s most prominent volcano and earthquake region. However, the volcanos on Mexico's Baja California, a popular tourist destination, are mostly dormant. The peninsula to the west of mainland Mexico is called Baja California. This peninsula is the largest peninsula in the world. Over 120 species of cactus are growing there.

The highest peak in Mexico is a volcano and is the third largest in Northern America. It is called  Pico Orizaba or 'Volcan Citlaltepetl' and is 5,636m/18,491ft high

Mexico Flag

Mexican Flag

The flag is shows three bands in green, white and red. The emblem on the white ground shows an eagle standing on a cactus with a snake in the beak. What do the colours in the flag stand for? The colours of the Mexican flag stand for independence, unity and religion. The legend describes, that the Aztec settled and built their capital city which they named Tenochtitlan, which is today Mexico City, on the place where they saw and eagle sitting on a cactus, eating a snake.

More about the meaning of colours in flags

Landmarks and Attractions in Mexico

Mexico is one of the world's top travel destinations and for US travellers, Mexico is the top destination. Mexicans love children, so they are welcome everywhere! There are some great attractions for kids, among the most popular with families are:

  • Chitzen Itza: built by the Maya people is a World Heritage Site and visited by more than one million people every year.
Chitzen Itza, image by Irina Mos/Shutterstock.comChitzen Itza
  • Acapulco: The bay on the Pacific Ocean is home to Mexico's most popular beach city with golden sandy beaches, lots of holiday resorts and known by families for it's magnificent water sports park. Mexico's busiest port is quite a sight too.
Acapulco Beach
  • Mexico City: the capital city is built on the site of the former Aztec capital Tenochtitlan. Make sure to also visit the ruins of the ancient Aztec pyramids at nearby Teotihuacan. 
Monte Alban Ruins near Oaxaca
  • Oaxaca: Visit the archaeological site of the Monte Alban ruins, shop at the city's colourful market or see the rock formations and bubbling waters at Hierve el Agua.
Hierve el Agua

Mexico Facts 
Mexican People and Languages

Most people in Mexico speak Spanish. Mexico is the country with the most Spanish speakers in the world. More people speak Spanish here than in Spain, because many more people live in Mexico and the country is also more than three times bigger.

Mexicans are known as very friendly and welcoming foreigners, they are really fond of kids. Mariachi are the popular musicians who play folk music. They mainly use string instruments, but also trumpets are sometimes played. The groups are often invited to play at birthday parties, weddings and other family celebrations. 

Mariachi band by Travel Bug/shutterstock.comMariachi band

Famous Mexican are among many others: the actress Selma Hayek, the guitarist Carlos Santana and the soccer players Javier Hernandez and Guillermo Ochoa.

Mexico Animals

Mexico is one of the most bio-diverse countries on earth. The country has the most reptile species in the world housing over 700 reptile species and also has the second most (over 430) mammal species in the world.

In Mexico, there are jaguars, pumas and huge iguanas. Whales, manta rays and manatees are common in the oceans and can sometimes by spotted of the Yucatan coast. In the jungles of southern Mexico, one can encounter various types of lizards, monkeys and colourful birds, such as parrots.

Parrots

More Mexico Facts:
Mexico Economy

Mexico's main trading partners are the USA, which is the most important parter for exports and China and Japan who also sell many products to the Mexicans and thus are Mexico's biggest import partners.

The main exports from Mexico are corn (maize), oil, fruits and vegetables, silver, coffee, cotton.

Mexican Food

Chocolate, chilies and corn come originally from Mexico. One dish many of you will know is 'chilli con carne', a spicy mince meat dish with beans.

Mexican style 'Chili con Carne'

Other typical Mexican food:

  • guacamole: avocado dip made with mashed avocados, salt and lime or lemon juice, often also with chilli peppers
  • tortilla: Mexican corn or wheat flour flatbreads are eaten with almost every dish. They are prepared and eaten with meat, cheese, potato or vegetables
  • nachos: tortilla chips often served hot with melted cheese or spicy mince sauce, usually eaten as a snack 
  • pan de muerto: sweet bread roll baked for the 'Day of the Dead' which is celebrated on 1 and 2 of November

The main staple food is corn and rice, fruits and vegetables, chicken, pork, beef, lamb and along the coastal regions also seafood. Chile peppers are usually among the main ingredients in many Mexican dishes.

Did you know that…?

Hot chocolate was considered the sacred drink by the Aztecs!

Mexican Hot Chocolate and Pan de Muerto

Mexico Facts - Reading and Resources


Picture credits on Mexico Facts: own or shutterstock.com

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