Germany Facts

Interesting Facts for Kids

Here are some interesting Germany Facts which were chosen and researched by kids especially for kids.

  • Population: 82.5 million people live in Germany (2014). The majority of the people live in cities and towns.
  • Capital: Berlin with 3.5 million inhabitants is not only Germany's capital city but also the biggest city.
  • Name: Bundesrepublik Deutschland (Federal Republic of Germany), Nickname: 'Land der Dichter und Denker'
  • Government: Democracy, Republic
  • Language: German
  • Literacy: More than 99% can read and write.
  • Religion: mainly Christians (Protestants 34%, Roman Catholics 34%)
  • Currency: 1 Euro=100 cents, before 2001 German Mark/Deutsche Mark (DM)
  • Flag colors: black, red and gold

Where is Germany? - Germany Map

Germany lies in the center of Europe and shares borders with 9 countries: Denmark, Poland, Czech Republic, Austria, Switzerland, France , Luxemburg, Belgium and the Netherlands (clockwise from the top/north).

Germany is the second most populous country in Central Europe after Russia and many immigrants from the European countries live and study in Germany.

The Baltic Sea (in German: Ostsee), the North Sea (in German: Nordsee) and the lowlands form the natural borders in the North of Germany and the Southern Germany borders are formed by the Alps mountains and Lake Constance (in German: Bodensee).

The highest mountain in Germany is the 'Zugspitze' (which means 'windy peak') with 2,963 metres (roughly 10,000 feet). Germany's highest mountain is one of Germany's top attractions and many tourists visit the mountain top every year. You can take a cablecar up to the top of the mountain and have spectacular views of the Alps and the scenic Bavarian countryside from there.

Zugspitze - highest Mountain in Germany

See the amazing panoramic 360° views from the Zugspitz mountain top, to view click here. (It will take about 10 seconds to load this amazing panorama page. Please be patient the view is really worth the wait :-)

Germany Facts:
Attractions for Kids

Berlin Wall
  • Berlin: learn about German history and re-unification
  • Cologne and the Rhine Valley: Cathedrals, Lorelei and Carnival
  • Black Forest: great for nature lovers
  • Rothenburg ob der Tauber: medial town with huge Christmas shop which is open all-year round
  • Northern Germany: See Germany's biggest island 'Ruegen' and stunning Hanse towns
  • Munich: for studying the arts, experiencing the famous Oktoberfest and the typical Bavarian "Gemütlichkeit"
  • Bavaria and the German Alps: Great for skiing, hiking and relaxed holidays. You just have to see these awe-inspiring castles such as Neuschwanstein or Herrenchiemsee 
  • Castles: There are more than 25 000 castles in Germany, make sure to visit at least one of our top ten castles.

Read more about the 10 Best castles in Germany here.

Some Germany Facts about German People

Famous Goethe Painting by Tischbein

Germany is well known for great poets, such as Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (you see him in the pictured above in the famous painting by Tischbein) and Friedrich Schiller, and narrators and authors, such as the Grimm brothers (remember the tale of Hansel and Gretel) or Thomas Mann.  Because of these splendid writers and scientists and inventors like Albert Einstein, Robert Koch or Gottlieb Daimler, the country is often referred to be the "Land der Dichter und Denker"(country of poets and thinkers). 

Germans love going to the museums, concerts and theatres. These places which are well maintained and supported, so you will find many interesting places you can visit.

Germans also love sports! Many Germans are active in sports clubs such as soccer, tennis or gymnastics clubs. In schools, the most popular sports activities are soccer, volleyball, basketball, ballet and dancing. Sports idols Sebastian Vettel (Formula 1), Bastian Schweinsteiger (soccer) or Maria Hoefl-Riesch (skiing) are supported by most Germans proudly. Die nation's soccer league, called Bundesliga, is followed closely by soccer fans and Bayern Munich or Dortmund are firm favourites of many Germans. The most popular sports in Germany are soccer, tennis, swimming and skiing (although the latter mainly in the southern and eastern parts of the country, where there are high enough mountains with skiing facilities).

German Food

Germany Brezeln

Most of the German main dishes contain either meats, such as pork, beef and veal or fish. Germans often eat potatoes, but pasta dishes are also very popular, especially with the younger generations. The Germans love their bread, which is mainly a mix of wheat and rye flour and is much darker and has a hard crust. Bread rolls are also eaten.

Sauerkraut, Sausages and Brezeln (Pretzels, see in the picture above) are surely the most famous German food exports and in Germany you will find fresh bread, bread rolls and pretzels as well as delicious cakes and pastry in the numerous bakery shops. Even little villages often have more than two bakeries and you will have the choice of many different types of bread and rolls.

Germans love their meat, but you will find more and more vegetarian dishes on the menus in restaurants now too, although there are many more variations of dishes with meat available. Schweinebraten (roast pork knuckles) is very popular in Southern Germany while Rinderbraten (beef roast) is more popular in Northern Germany.

German Food: Roast pork with dumplings and red cabbage

More typical German food:

  • Sauerkraut: probably the most famous vegetable associated with German food. It is eaten in Germany with potatoes and meat, but traditionally not with fish!
  • Rotkraut: red cabbage, see in image above
  • Knoedel, either as Semmelknoedel: bread dumplings, eaten either with mushrooms in a creamy sauce or with meat dishes or Kartoffelknoedel: potato dumplings
  • Spargel: white asparagus is harvested in late April and until 24 June. It has a very distinct flavour and is very healthy! Usually accompanied by ham and a white creamy sauce, this vegetable is really delicious.
  • Black Forest Cake: delicious dark chocolate cake filled with cherries and cream.
  • Weisswurst: very pale veal sausage, cooked and eaten in Bavaria in the morning, before noon.
  • Stollen and Lebkuchen: Delicious cakes and ginger biscuits are eaten at Christmas time in Germany.
  • Wine and Beer: Did you know that Germans do produce lovely wine as well as beer? The Rhine-and Mosel-valleys are well known for their wines where as especially Bavaria is known for its many micro breweries.

Please bookmark this page if you are interested in Germany Facts for Kids as my Germany Facts will be updated regularly.

And enjoy learning more great Germany Facts soon:-)

Picture credits in main text: 1.Adriana Martins at, 2.Christa Riechert at,, others own or

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