Our Romania facts were chosen and researched by kids especially for kids and shall provide insights into the geography of this Eastern European country.
Where is Romania? Romania is a country in southeastern Europe and is a member country of the EU.
Romania borders the black Sea and five countries: Ukraine, Moldova, Bulgaria, Serbia and Hungary.
The longest border is shared with Moldova and measures 683 km/ 424 miles in length.
Romania’s coastline is 255 km/ 158 miles long and the country has mountains and hills as well as plains. About one third of the country are forests. The Carpathian mountain range dominates the centre of the country. Romania has a temperate continental climate.
Romania can be compared in size with the state of Oregon in the USA.
The name 'Romania' originates from the local name for a Romanian or those coming from Rome.
Here are some of the most famous landmarks of Romania.
Just over half of all Romanians live in urban centres. Romania’s biggest city is the capital city Bucharest with about 2.4 million people living in the metropolitan area of the city.
Among the larger Romanian cities, however all with a population of less than half a million people, are Cluj-Napoca, Timisoara and Iasi. The northern and eastern parts of Austria are more densely populated.
Hungarians are the largest minority group in Romania. They mainly live in eastern Transylvania.
Soccer and tennis are the most popular sports in Romania.
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Romanian is the official and most spoken first language in Romania. There are several minority languages spoken in the country and these include Hungarian, Vlax Romani, Ukrainian, German, Serbian and Turkish.
Romanian is a Romance language which is similar to French, Spanish or Italian. The Romanian alphabet has 31 letters including five very specific Romanian letters: ă,â,î,ț, and ș
The oldest document written in the Romanian language is from 1521.
English and French are taught in most schools.
Romania is one the world’s foremost producers of plums. Romania is also among the largest maize producers in the European Union. Germany, Italy, France and Hungary are the main trading partners.
Romania is part of the European Union since 2007, however, the country has not joined the monetary union yet and still uses the Leu as currency.
Popular Romanian food specialties include:
Romanian Shepherd Dogs are a unique Romanian breed originating from the Carpathian mountains.
These patient watch dogs are very good with children and thus also used as protective and affectionate family dogs. And they usually only bark to alert.
Resources for our Romania Facts page were:
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